Obama Visit Rothschild’s Israel – Obama Middle East News – Origin of Modern-day Jewry

Obama’s speech: What young Israelis not only needed but wanted to hear

The U.S. president’s speech in Jerusalem redefines what it means to be a centrist in Israel. We deserve a leader like him.

By

|
Mar.21, 2013 – Haaretz.com
For Barack Obama to come to Jerusalem, and speak to Israeli students
and talk persuasively of the possibility of a secure and peaceful
future, for him to do that and garner a roaring ovation of approval, he
would have to have given one hell of a speech.
He did.
This
was the speech that these young Israelis not only needed but wanted to
hear. A speech that radically redefined centrism in Israel, bringing it
down to extraordinary common denominators in directions Israelis have
learned to think of as diametrically opposed.
He
spoke of security and peace as inextricably and necessarily linked, not
a narrow choice between options, but a conscious choice for both.
They roared.
This was not the student crowd that Obama
is used to. These students are Israelis. This is a crowd that is
world-weary, hair-trigger volatile. They have come by it honestly. In
comparison to their American counterparts, they are, by and large, older
by several years – some would say, several lifetimes. They enter
college after years in the military, often followed by the escape-valve
rehab of a marathon trek to remote continents.
They roared approval for Obama’s view of security, which was hard-edged
and unapologetic, and they roared approval for his vision of a two-state
solution that allows Palestinians to enjoy the freedoms and
self-determination Israelis know.
Not soon. Perhaps not in many years. But this is one way that change
happens. An event like this, inspiration like this, does not in the end
go to waste. It gives new strength to the world-weary and the habitually
trashed. It changes momentum. It creates momentum. It does good. It
makes way for better.
Not
for nothing did Barack Obama cite Martin Luther King’s address on the
eve of his assassination. The image of the Promised Land as a place
Moses will not be able to reach, but one which his work will allow his
people to eventually enter, clearly resonates with a president beginning
already to see the end of his time in office.
This is not the same country after this speech.
Four
years from now, when he hands back the White House, Barack Obama should
consider a change of direction, even a change of venue.
Let him run here. It’s about time we knew again what a real leader was like.This will not be the same country after this speech.

Obama Winds Down Israel, West Bank Visit

Voice of America – ‎4 hours ago‎

U.S. President Barack Obama waves to media as he walks with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. On Thursday in a speech to university students in Jerusalem, Obama assured his audience of young Israelis that they are “not alone” in facing threats to Israel’s security. He added that peace with the Palestinians is the “only path to true security.”

Obama said Israeli leaders must recognize that “continued settlement activity” on land the Palestinians claim for a state is “counterproductive.” Obama also said he believes Israel has a genuine peace partner in Palestinian President Abbas.

President Obama met Abbas in Ramallah earlier Thursday and called on Israelis and Palestinians to begin peace talks on core issues of their conflict without waiting for those disputes to be resolved in advance

at the Muqata Presidential Compound in the West Bank town of Ramallah, 

Obama Stands Firm on Mideast Two-State Solution

READ MORE: Realism Weighs on Obama’s Mideast Peace Efforts

The president asked Israelis to consider the Palestinians’ “right to self-determination and justice” as they work toward a peaceful solution.

Israel Apologizes To Turkey Over Flotilla Deaths

Obama tells Israelis, Palestinians to negotiate

 

AP PHOTOS: Obama Stance Setback for Palestinians

ABC News – ‎8 hours ago‎
In eight years on the job, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has seen his share of ups and downs. Thursday’s appearance with visiting U.S. President Barack Obama looked like it was one of his lowest points. At a joint news conference, Obama delivered .
 

VIDEO | Israel planning more settlement units near Ramallah

Jews against Zionism – What Really Happened

whatreallyhappened.com/WRHARTICLES/jews_against_zionism.html

Jews against Zionism
A list of websites opposed to Israel’s policies. Contrary to the
propaganda put out by Israel’s supporters, Israel is NOT supported by
the

Jews Against Zionism 

rense.com/general54/thank.htm
Historically, the vast majority of Jews were opposed to Zionism and preferred to assimilate. However, since WW2, Zionists have usurped the leadership of the

TUTU, Desmond. Anti-Apartheid Nobel Laureate slams Israeli

sites.google.com/site/nonjewsagainstracistzionism/tutu-desmond

UK art critic, artist & author on cultural boycott of Apartheid Israel: “the situation of the Palestinians is worse than that of black South Africans under apartheid..


Israel “far worse than apartheid South Africa” says ANC chair as


Mar 11, 2013 – Ronnie Kasrils, South African minister, once said about Palestine: “This is much worse than apartheid. Israeli measures, the brutality, make

 
 


 The Real Truth about the Modern-day Jewish Heritage
What is their true Origin?
Are They of Abraham Seed?
Are They Semitic?
 
THE KHAZAR EMPIRE AND ITS HERITAGE

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


The Thirteenth Tribe – The Real Jewish Heritage
THE KHAZAR EMPIRE AND ITS HERITAGEArthur Koestler
…but
that does not alter the fact that the large majority of surviving Jews
in the world is of Eastern European — and thus perhaps mainly of Khazar —
origin. If so, this would mean that their ancestors came not from the
Jordan but from the Volga, not from Canaan but from the Caucasus, once
believed to be the cradle of the Aryan race; and that genetically they
are more closely related to the Hun, Uigur “

 
This
book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but
almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in the Dark Ages became
converted to Judaism. Khazaria was finally wiped out by the forces of
Genghis Khan, but evidence indicates that the Khazars themselves
migrated to Poland and formed the cradle of Western Jewry…
The
Khazars’ sway extended from the Black Sea to the Caspian, from the
Caucasus to the Volga, and they were instrumental in stopping the Muslim
onslaught against Byzantium, the eastern jaw of the gigantic pincer
movement that in the West swept across northern Africa and into Spain.
In
the second part of this book, “The Heritage,” Mr. Koestler speculates
about the ultimate faith of the Khazars and their impact on the racial
composition and social heritage of modern Jewry. He produces a large
body of meticulously detailed research in support of a theory that
sounds all the more convincing for the restraint with which it is
advanced. Yet should this theory be confirmed, the term “anti-Semitism”
would become void of meaning, since, as Mr. Koestler writes, it is based
“on a misapprehension shared by both the killers and their victims. The
story of the Khazar Empire, as it slowly emerges from the past, begins
to look like the most cruel hoax which history has ever perpetrated.”

The ThirteenthTribe:

ArthurKoestler documents the Caucasian ancestry of Ashkenazim Jews.TheThirteenthTribe. The Khazar Empire and its Heritage. ArthurKoestler.
Mr. Koestler speculates about the ultimate faith of the Khazars and
their impact on the racial composition and social heritage of modern
Jewry. He produces a large body of meticulously detailed research in
support of a theory that sounds all the more convincing for the
restraint with which it is advanced. Yet should this theory be
confirmed, the term “anti-Semitism” would become void of meaning, since,
as Mr. Koestler writes, it is based “on a misapprehension shared by
both the killers and their victims. The story of the Khazar Empire, as
it slowly emerges from the past, begins to look like the most cruel hoax
which history has ever perpetrated.
The
vast majority of Jews in the world is of Eastern European – and thus
perhaps mainly of Khazar – origin. If so, this would mean that their
ancestors came not from the Jordan but from the Volga, not from Canaan
but from the Caucasus, once believed to be the cradle of the Aryan race;
and that genetically they are more closely related to the Hun, Uigur
and Magyar tribes than to the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Should
this turn out to be the case, then the term “anti-Semitism” would become
void of meaning, based on a misapprehension shared by both the killers
and their victims. Maybe the two world wars and the Holocaust were
pretext for the New Khazaria or Israel hoax.
The
story of the Khazar Empire, as it slowly emerges from the past, begins
to look like the most cruel hoax which history has ever perpetrated.
(Arthur Koestler,
Old Khazaria existed from about 500 A.D. to about 1000 A.D.
Old Khazaria adopted the religion of Talmudic Judaism about 740 A.D.
Khazaria was reborn on May 14, 1948.
The most cruel hoax which man has ever perpetrated.
New Khazaria.
As
long as Apostate Israel (New Khazaria) exist…there will never be any
peace in the Middle East. Modern-day Jewry is of Eastern European/Aryan
descent and thus they are not Semitic. Let the truth be told everywhere.
Why should American Soldiers die to protect a Hoax?
 
Preface
Introduction
Who are the Elders?
Protocol I The Basic Doctrine
Protocol II Economic Wars
Protocol III Methods of Conquest
Protocol IV Materialism Replaces Religion
Protocol V Despotism and Modern Progress
Protocol VI Take-Over Technique
Protocol VII World-Wide Wars
Protocol VIII Provisional Government
Protocol IX Re-education
Protocol X Preparing for Power
Protocol XI The Totalitarian State
Protocol XII Control of the Press
Protocol XIII Distractions
Protocol XIV Assault on Religion
Protocol XV Ruthless Suppression
Protocol XVI Brainwashing
Protocol XVII Abuse of Authority
Protocol XVIII Arrest of Opponents
Protocol XIX Rulers and People
Protocol XX Financial Programme
Protocol XXI Loans and Credit
Protocol XXII Power of Gold
Protocol XXIII Instilling Obedience
Protocol XXIV Qualities of the Ruler
 

Who Are God’s Chosen People? Is Israel in Bible Prophecy? » 

Obama’s Second Inauguration – Video – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 2013 Celebration Day of Service – ML King Tme-line – Complete Assassination Transcript

Martin Luther King Jr. ParadeJanuary 19, 2013, 11 a.m. Martin Luther King Jr. Ave SE and Milwaukee
Place SE, Washington DC. The Anacostia parade/peacewalk includes the
Ballou Marching Band and representatives from the area’s Asian,
Bolivian, Jamaican and African American communities.

 

Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956)

 

Martin Luther King – President Lyndon B. Johnson Signs Civil

Oct. 14, 1964 | Martin Luther King Awarded Nobel Peace Prize

March 7 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches –

Funeral: Martin Luther King (1968) –

  • PSA

     “Let Freedom Ring”

    January 20, 2013, 6 p.m. at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
    The Kennedy Center and Georgetown University host a musical celebration
    featuring Smokey Robinson and the Let Freedom Ring Choir honoring
    Martin Luther King Jr.’s legacy in a free Millennium Stage concert.
    Tickets are required and will be distributed the day of the event in
    front of the Concert Hall beginning at 4 p.m.

    Lincoln Memorial

    2013 Dates to Be Announced, 1:00 p.m. 23rd and Independence Ave., NW,
    Washington, DC. The National Park Service will place a wreath at the
    Lincoln Memorial, on the steps where Dr. King gave his 1963 speech. The
    recitation of the “I Have a Dream” speech will be presented by students
    of Washington, DC’s Watkins Elementary School.

    The Tribute and Musical Celebration – “HIS dream.iAct.WE change

    January 20, 2013, 3 p.m. Music Center at Strathmore,
    5301 Tuckerman Lane, North Bethesda, MD. The event will feature musical
    and dance acts, and the 2013 recipients of the Children of the Dream,
    Humanitarian and Literary Arts Awards will be announced. The annual
    celebration is free and open to the public. Tickets are required.

    News for ml king birthday

    1. Happy Birthday To Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.!

      News One ‎-
      Born Michael King Jr. on this date in Atlanta to parents Rev. Michael, Sr. (later Martin Luther, Sr.) and Alberta, he would later change his name

    The King Legacy of Service

    The Corporation for National and Community Service MLK Day Legacy of Service videos feature civil rights luminaries Congressman John Lewis, Ruby Bridges, Reverend Dr. Joseph E. Lowery, and former U.S. Senator Harris Wofford remembering Dr. King and his legacy of service. The PSAs remind us of the importance of keeping Dr. King’s legacy of service alive and challenge us to make service a part of our everyday lives.

    Martin Luther King Memorial

    This weekend is a great time to visit the Memorial. National Park
    Service Rangers discuss King’s role in the Civil Rights movement daily.
    On January 20, 2013, at 12 p.m. the National Park Service will host a
    wreathlaying service in observance of the birthday-anniversary for Dr.
    Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • Volunteers on MLK Day

    MLK Drum Major for Service

    MLK Drum Majors for Service are the helping hands who perform extraordinary everyday acts of service with reliability and commitment, but who seldom receive recognition. The MLK Drum Major for Service recognition is an opportunity to acknowledge that work and share stories of those leaders in your community. Learn more.

    What is the MLK Day of Service?

    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “Life’s most persistent and urgent question is: ‘What are you doing for others?'”

    Each year, Americans across the country answer that question by coming together on the King Holiday to serve their neighbors and communities.

    The MLK Day of Service is a part of United We Serve, the President’s national call to service initiative. It calls for Americans from all walks of life to work together to provide solutions to our most pressing national problems.

The King Assassination Conspiracy: Betrayed by JudasOn April 3, 1968, Walter Bailey, the owner of the Lorraine Motel received a call from a member of Kings inner circle in Atlanta requesting that a specific room on the second floor be reserve for King. (King had always stayed in a secure room on the 1st floor.) On April 4, Lorrain Bailey overheard a member of Kings entourage asking him to come out of his room and speak to a small group that had assemble in the parking lot. Lorraine Bailey knew that King was in bed suffering from a severe headache but this member of Kings inner circle insisted that King come out and talk to the people. King reluctantly came out of his room to speak to the small crowd when he was shoot. Lorraine knew the identity of the Judas who had Dr. King set-up to be assassinated.
mlk.jpg
Was the Judas following orders from his Masonic Master?
Lorraine Bailey was killed, hung in the stairwell of her motel immediately after the assassination. The official cover-up statement said that Lorraine Bailey had a stroke on April 4th and died a few days later.
Who was the Judas who set-up King? Was King assassination a Masonic hit? Was a beer distributorship part of the payoff?

Jesse Jackson Killed Martin Luther King. pt 1 Steve cokely – YouTube

Feb 4, 2010 – Uploaded by MrBeliveitornot

Jesse Jackson Killed Martin Luther King. pt 1 Steve cokely Your true owners keep you focused on skin

The Murder Of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr – Unspoken Details – Part One

rense.com/Datapages/kingp1.htm

Dec 11, 1999 – That is, a mortgage for the true, not inflated, value of the homes. Jesse Jackson to replace Dr. King BEFORE King was assassinated BY THE ..

Unmasking Jesse Jackson

Mar 31, 2002 – Jesse Jackson got himself ordained two months after Martin Luther King A: No, Abernathy told the truth, and it is because of Abernathy that we So here is a guy who is in such grief from Martin Luther King’s assassination ..

Jesse Jackson set up Martin Luther King. Steve cokely

Sep 3, 2008 – Thread: Jesse Jackson set up Martin Luther King. …. a firm political and ideological base for a revolutionary: “If it is true that a revolution can ….. Saying Jesse was the set up man for King’s assassination only says he betrayed ..

JESSIE JACKSON KILLED MARTIN LUTHER KING JR – YouTube

May 15, 2012 – Uploaded by wrbministries

Cokely has some good true points about Rev. Jackson opportunistic behavior immediately after the King ..

Jesse Jackson Killed Martin Luther King. pt 1

youtube.comFeb 4, 2010 – 10 min – Uploaded by MrBeliveitornot
Jesse Jackson Killed Martin Luther King. pt 1 Steve cokely Your true owners keep you focused on skin

Martin Luther King Jr Assassination – New Evidence

youtube.comSep 19, 2010 – 10 min – Uploaded by MarkRadioTurner
Martin Luther King Jr Assassination – New Evidence of a Government …. anti- Vietnam and working more and

Complete Transcript of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassination Conspiracy Trial … Olivia Catling, neighborhood resident around Lorraine Motel. Mr …
Adobe PDF – View as html
Across from the Lorraine Motel was Fire Station no. 2. Who ordered … to the question did Loyd Jowers participate in a conspiracy to do harm to Dr. Martin Luther King, your …

www.tucradio.org/Who_killed_MLK.pdf

In the complaint filed by the King family, “King versus Jowers and Other Unknown Co-Conspirators,” the only named defendant, Loyd Jowers, was never their primary concern. As soon became evident in court, the real defendants were the anonymous co-conspirators who stood in the shadows behind Jowers, the former owner of a Memphis bar and grill. The Kings and Pepper were in effect charging U.S. intelligence agencies — particularly the FBI and Army intelligence — with organizing, subcontracting, and covering up the assassination. Such a charge guarantees almost insuperable obstacles to its being argued in a court within the United States. Judicially it is an unwelcome beast.




I can hardly believe the fact that, apart from the courtroom participants, only Memphis TV reporter Wendell Stacy and I attended from beginning to end this historic three-and-one-half week trial. Because of journalistic neglect scarcely anyone else in this land of ours even knows what went on in it. After critical testimony was given in the trial’s second week before an almost empty gallery, Barbara Reis, U.S. correspondent for the Lisbon daily Publico who was there several days, turned to me and said, “Everything in the U.S. is the trial of the century. O.J. Simpson’s trial was the trial of the century. Clinton’s trial was the trial of the century. But this is the trial of the century, and who’s here?”




Many qualifiers have been attached to the verdict in the King case. It came not in criminal court but in civil court, where the standards of evidence are much lower than in criminal court. (For example, the plaintiffs used unsworn testimony made on audiotapes and videotapes.) Furthermore, the King family as plaintiffs and Jowers as defendant agreed ahead of time on much of the evidence.
But these observations are not entirely to the point. Because of the government’s “sovereign immunity,” it is not possible to put a U.S. intelligence agency in the dock of a U.S. criminal court. Such a step would require authorization by the federal government, which is not likely to indict itself. Thanks to the conjunction of a civil court, an independent judge with a sense of history, and a courageous family and lawyer, a spiritual breakthrough to an unspeakable truth occurred in Memphis. It allowed at least a few people (and hopefully many more through them) to see the forces behind King’s martyrdom and to feel the responsibility we all share for it through our government. In the end, twelve jurors, six black and six white, said to everyone willing to hear: guilty as charged.
We can also thank the unlikely figure of Loyd Jowers for providing a way into that truth.
Loyd Jowers: When the frail, 73-year-old Jowers became ill after three days in court, Judge Swearengen excused him. Jowers did not testify and said through his attorney, Lewis Garrison, that he would plead the Fifth Amendment if subpoenaed. His discretion was too late. In 1993 against the advice of Garrison, Jowers had gone public. Prompted by William Pepper’s progress as James Earl Ray’s attorney in uncovering Jowers’s role in the assassination, Jowers told his story to Sam Donaldson on Prime Time Live. He said he had been asked to help in the murder of King and was told there would be a decoy (Ray) in the plot. He was also told that the police “wouldn’t be there that night.”
In that interview, the transcript of which was read to the jury in the Memphis courtroom, Jowers said the man who asked him to help in the murder was a Mafia-connected produce dealer named Frank Liberto. Liberto, now deceased, had a courier deliver $100,000 for Jowers to hold at his restaurant, Jim’s Grill, the back door of which opened onto the dense bushes across from the Lorraine Motel. Jowers said he was visited the day before the murder by a man named Raul, who brought a rifle in a box.
As Mike Vinson reported in the March-April Probe, other witnesses testified to their knowledge of Liberto’s involvement in King’s slaying. Store-owner John McFerren said he arrived around 5:15 pm, April 4, 1968, for a produce pick-up at Frank Liberto’s warehouse in Memphis. (King would be shot at 6:0l pm.) When he approached the warehouse office, McFerren overheard Liberto on the phone inside saying, “Shoot the son-of-a-bitch on the balcony.”
Café-owner Lavada Addison, a friend of Liberto’s in the late 1970’s, testified that Liberto had told her he “had Martin Luther King killed.” Addison’s son, Nathan Whitlock, said when he learned of this conversation he asked Liberto point-blank if he had killed King.
“[Liberto] said, `I didn’t kill the nigger but I had it done.’ I said, `What about that other son-of-a-bitch taking credit for it?’ He says, `Ahh, he wasn’t nothing but a troublemaker from Missouri. He was a front man . . . a setup man.'”
The jury also heard a tape recording of a two-hour-long confession Jowers made at a fall 1998 meeting with Martin Luther King’s son Dexter and former UN Ambassador Andrew Young. On the tape Jowers says that meetings to plan the assassination occurred at Jim’s Grill. He said the planners included undercover Memphis Police Department officer Marrell McCollough (who now works for the Central Intelligence Agency, and who is referenced in the trial transcript as Merrell McCullough), MPD Lieutentant Earl Clark (who died in 1987), a third police officer, and two men Jowers did not know but thought were federal agents.
Young, who witnessed the assassination, can be heard on the tape identifying McCollough as the man kneeling beside King’s body on the balcony in a famous photograph. According to witness Colby Vernon Smith, McCollough had infiltrated a Memphis community organizing group, the Invaders, which was working with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. In his trial testimony Young said the MPD intelligence agent was “the guy who ran up [the balcony stairs] with us to see Martin.”
Jowers says on the tape that right after the shot was fired he received a smoking rifle at the rear door of Jim’s Grill from Clark. He broke the rifle down into two pieces and wrapped it in a tablecloth. Raul picked it up the next day. Jowers said he didn’t actually see who fired the shot that killed King, but thought it was Clark, the MPD’s best marksman.
Young testified that his impression from the 1998 meeting was that the aging, ailing Jowers “wanted to get right with God before he died, wanted to confess it and be free of it.” Jowers denied, however, that he knew the plot’s purpose was to kill King — a claim that seemed implausible to Dexter King and Young. Jowers has continued to fear jail, and he had directed Garrison to defend him on the grounds that he didn’t know the target of the plot was King. But his interview with Donaldson suggests he was not naïve on this point.
Loyd Jowers’s story opened the door to testimony that explored the systemic nature of the murder in seven other basic areas:
    1. Background to the assassination

      James Lawson, King’s friend and an organizer with SCLC, testified that King’s stands on Vietnam and the Poor People’s Campaign had created enemies in Washington. He said King’s speech at New York’s Riverside Church on April 4, 1967, which condemned the Vietnam War and identified the U.S. government as “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today,” provoked intense hostility in the White House and FBI.
      Hatred and fear of King deepened, Lawson said, in response to his plan to hold the Poor People’s Campaign in Washington, D.C. King wanted to shut down the nation’s capital in the spring of 1968 through massive civil disobedience until the government agreed to abolish poverty. King saw the Memphis sanitation workers’ strike as the beginning of a nonviolent revolution that would redistribute income.
      “I have no doubt,” Lawson said, “that the government viewed all this seriously enough to plan his assassination.”
      Coretta Scott King testified that her husband had to return to Memphis in early April 1968 because of a violent demonstration there for which he had been blamed. Moments after King arrived in Memphis to join the sanitation workers’ march there on March 28, 1968, the scene turned violent — subverted by government provocateurs, Lawson said. Thus King had to return to Memphis on April 3 and prepare for a truly nonviolent march, Mrs. King said, to prove SCLC could still carry out a nonviolent campaign in Washington.

       

    1. Local conspiracy
      On the night of April 3, 1968, Floyd E. Newsum, a black firefighter and civil rights activist, heard King’s “I’ve Been to the Mountain Top” speech at the Mason Temple in Memphis. On his return home, Newsum returned a phone call from his lieutenant and was told he had been temporarily transferred, effective April 4, from Fire Station 2, located across the street from the Lorraine Motel, to Fire Station 31. Newsum testified that he was not needed at the new station. However, he was needed at his old station because his departure left it “out of service unless somebody else was detailed to my company in my stead.” After making many queries, Newsum was eventually told he had been transferred by request of the police department.
      The only other black firefighter at Fire Station 2, Norvell E. Wallace, testified that he, too, received orders from his superior officer on the night of April 3 for a temporary transfer to a fire station far removed from the Lorraine Motel. He was later told vaguely that he had been threatened.
      Wallace guessed it was because “I was putting out fires,” he told the jury with a smile. Asked if he ever received a satisfactory explanation for his transfer Wallace answered, “No. Never did. Not to this day.”
      In the March-April Probe, Mike Vinson described the similar removal of Ed Redditt, a black Memphis Police Department detective, from his Fire Station 2 surveillance post two hours before King’s murder.
      To understand the Redditt incident, it is important to note that it was Redditt himself who initiated his watch on Dr. King from the firehouse across the street. Redditt testified that when King’s party and the police accompanying them (including Detective Redditt) arrived from the airport at the Lorraine Motel on April 3, he “noticed something that was unusual.” When Inspector Don Smith, who was in charge of security, told Redditt he could leave, Redditt “noticed there was nobody else there. In the past when we were assigned to Dr. King [when Redditt had been part of a black security team for King], we stayed with him. I saw nobody with him. So I went across the street and asked the Fire Department could we come in and observe from the rear, which we did.” Given Redditt’s concerns for King’s safety, his particular watch on the Lorraine may not have fit into others’ plans.
      Redditt testified that late in the afternoon of April 4, MPD Intelligence Officer Eli Arkin came to Fire Station 2 to take him to Central Headquarters. There Police and Fire Director Frank Holloman (formerly an FBI agent for 25 years, seven of them as supervisor of J. Edgar Hoover’s office) ordered Redditt home, against his wishes and accompanied by Arkin. The reason Holloman gave Redditt for his removal from the King watch Redditt had initiated the day before was that his life had been threatened.
      In an interview after the trial, Redditt told me the story of how his 1978 testimony on this question before the House Select Committee on Assassinations was part of a heavily pressured cover-up. “It was a farce,” he said, “a total farce.”
      Redditt had been subpoenaed by the HSCA to testify, as he came to realize, not so much on his strange removal from Fire Station 2 as the fact that he had spoken about it openly to writers and researchers. The HSCA focused narrowly on the discrepancy between Redditt’s surveiling King (as he was doing) and acting as security (an impression Redditt had given writers interviewing him) in order to discredit the story of his removal. Redditt was first grilled by the committee for eight straight hours in a closed executive session. After a day of hostile questioning, Redditt finally said late in the afternoon, “I came here as a friend of the investigation, not as an enemy of the investigation. You don’t want to deal with the truth.” He told the committee angrily that if the secret purpose behind the King conspiracy was, like the JFK conspiracy, “to protect the country, just tell the American people! They’ll be happy! And quit fooling the folks and trying to pull the wool over their eyes.”
      When the closed hearing was over, Redditt received a warning call from a friend in the White House who said, “Man, your life isn’t worth a wooden nickel.”
      Redditt said his public testimony the next day “was a set-up”: “The bottom line on that one was that Senator Baker decided that I wouldn’t go into this open hearing without an attorney. When the lawyer and I arrived at the hearing, we were ushered right back out across town to the executive director in charge of the investigation. [We] looked through a book, to look at the questions and answers.”
      “So in essence what they were saying was: `This is what you’re going to answer to, and this is how you’re going to answer.’ It was all made up — all designed, questions and answers, what to say and what not to say. A total farce.”
      Former MPD Captain Jerry Williams followed Redditt to the witness stand. Williams had been responsible for forming a special security unit of black officers whenever King came to Memphis (the unit Redditt had served on earlier). Williams took pride in providing the best possible protection for Dr. King, which included, he said, advising him never to stay at the Lorraine “because we couldn’t furnish proper security there.” (“It was just an open view,” he explained to me later, “Anybody could . . . There was no protection at all. To me that was a set-up from the very beginning.”)




Hatred and fear of King deepened, Lawson said, in response to his plan to hold the Poor People’s Campaign in Washington, D.C. King wanted to shut down the nation’s capital in the spring of 1968 through massive civil disobedience until the government agreed to abolish poverty. King saw the Memphis sanitation workers’ strike as the beginning of a nonviolent revolution that would redistribute income. “I have no doubt,” Lawson said, “that the government viewed all this seriously enough to plan his assassination.”




For King’s April 3, 1968 arrival, however, Williams was for some reason not asked to form the special black bodyguard. He was told years later by his inspector (a man whom Jowers identified as a participant in the planning meetings at Jim’s Grill) that the change occurred because somebody in King’s entourage had asked specifically for no black security officers. Williams told the jury he was bothered by the omission “even to this day.”
Leon Cohen, a retired New York City police officer, testified that in 1968 he had become friendly with the Lorraine Motel’s owner and manager, Walter Bailey (now deceased). On the morning after King’s murder, Cohen spoke with a visibly upset Bailey outside his office at the Lorraine. Bailey told Cohen about a strange request that had forced him to change King’s room to the location where he was shot.
Bailey explained that the night before King’s arrival he had received a call “from a member of Dr. King’s group in Atlanta.” The caller (whom Bailey said he knew but referred to only by the pronoun “he”) wanted the motel owner to change King’s room. Bailey said he was adamantly opposed to moving King, as instructed, from an inner court room behind the motel office (which had better security) to an outside balcony room exposed to public view.
“If they had listened to me,” Bailey said, “this wouldn’t have happened.”
Philip Melanson, author of the Martin Luther King Assassination (1991), described his investigation into the April 4 pullback of four tactical police units that had been patrolling the immediate vicinity of the Lorraine Motel. Melanson asked MPD Inspector Sam Evans (now deceased), commander of the units, why they were pulled back the morning of April 4, in effect making an assassin’s escape much easier. Evans said he gave the order at the request of a local pastor connected with King’s party, Rev. Samuel Kyles. (Melanson wrote in his book that Kyles emphatically denied making any such request.) Melanson said the idea that MPD security would be determined at such a time by a local pastor’s request made no sense whatsoever.
Olivia Catling lived a block away from the Lorraine on Mulberry Street. Catling had planned to walk down the street the evening of April 4 in the hope of catching a glimpse of King at the motel. She testified that when she heard the shot a little after six o’clock, she said, “Oh, my God, Dr. King is at that hotel!” She ran with her two children to the corner of Mulberry and Huling streets, just north of the Lorraine. She saw a man in a checkered shirt come running out of the alley beside a building across from the Lorraine. The man jumped into a green 1965 Chevrolet just as a police car drove up behind him. He gunned the Chevrolet around the corner and up Mulberry past Catling’s house moving her to exclaim, “It’s going to take us six months to pay for the rubber he’s burning up!!” The police, she said, ignored the man and blocked off a street, leaving his car free to go the opposite way.
I visited Catling in her home, and she told me the man she had seen running was not James Earl Ray. “I will go into my grave saying that was not Ray, because the gentleman I saw was heavier than Ray.”
“The police,” she told me, “asked not one neighbor [around the Lorraine], `What did you see?’ Thirty-one years went by. Nobody came and asked one question. I often thought about that. I even had nightmares over that, because they never said anything. How did they let him get away?”
Catling also testified that from her vantage point on the corner of Mulberry and Huling she could see a fireman standing alone across from the motel when the police drove up. She heard him say to the police, “The shot came from that clump of bushes,” indicating the heavily overgrown brushy area facing the Lorraine and adjacent to Fire Station 2.

    1. The crime scene
      Earl Caldwell was a New York Times reporter in his room at the Lorraine Motel the evening of April 4. In videotaped testimony, Caldwell said he heard what he thought was a bomb blast at 6:00 p.m. When he ran to the door and looked out, he saw a man crouched in the heavy part of the bushes across the street. The man was looking over at the Lorraine’s balcony. Caldwell wrote an article about the figure in the bushes but was never questioned about what he had seen by any authorities.
      In a 1993 affidavit from former SCLC official James Orange that was read into the record, Orange said that on April 4, “James Bevel and I were driven around by Marrell McCollough, a person who at that time we knew to be a member of the Invaders, a local community organizing group, and who we subsequently learned was an undercover agent for the Memphis Police Department and who now works for the Central Intelligence Agency . . . [After the shot, when Orange saw Dr. King’s leg dangling over the balcony], I looked back and saw the smoke. It couldn’t have been more than five to ten seconds. The smoke came out of the brush area on the opposite side of the street from the Lorraine Motel. I saw it rise up from the bushes over there. From that day to this time I have never had any doubt that the fatal shot, the bullet which ended Dr. King’s life, was fired by a sniper concealed in the brush area behind the derelict buildings.
      “I also remember then turning my attention back to the balcony and seeing Marrell McCollough up on the balcony kneeling over Dr. King, looking as though he was checking Dr. King for life signs.
      “I also noticed, quite early the next morning around 8 or 9 o’clock, that all of the bushes and brush on the hill were cut down and cleaned up. It was as though the entire area of the bushes from behind the rooming house had been cleared . . .
      “I will always remember the puff of white smoke and the cut brush and having never been given a satisfactory explanation.
      “When I tried to tell the police at the scene as best I saw they told me to be quiet and to get out of the way.
      “I was never interviewed or asked what I saw by any law enforcement authority in all of the time since 1968.”
      Also read into the record were depositions made by Solomon Jones to the FBI and to the Memphis police. Jones was King’s chauffeur in Memphis. The FBI document, dated April 13, 1968, says that after King was shot, when Jones looked across Mulberry Street into the brushy area, “he got a quick glimpse of a person with his back toward Mulberry Street. . . . This person was moving rather fast, and he recalls that he believed he was wearing some sort of light-colored jacket with some sort of a hood or parka.” In his 11:30 p.m., April 4, 1968 police interview, Jones provides the same basic information concerning a person leaving the brushy area hurriedly.
      Maynard Stiles, who in 1968 was a senior official in the Memphis Sanitation Department, confirmed in his testimony that the bushes near the rooming house were cut down. At about 7:00 a.m. on April 5, Stiles told the jury, he received a call from MPD Inspector Sam Evans “requesting assistance in clearing brush and debris from a vacant lot in the vicinity of the assassination.” Stiles called another superintendent of sanitation, who assembled a crew. “They went to that site, and under the direction of the police department, whoever was in charge there, proceeded with the clean-up in a slow, methodical, meticulous manner.” Stiles identified the site as an area overgrown with brush and bushes across from the Lorraine Motel.
      Within hours of King’s assassination, the crime scene that witnesses were identifying to the Memphis police as a cover for the shooter had been sanitized by orders of the police.

       

    1. The rifle
      Probe readers will again recall from Mike Vinson’s article three key witnesses in the Memphis trial who offered evidence counter to James Earl Ray’s rifle being the murder weapon:

      1. Judge Joe Brown, who had presided over two years of hearings on the rifle, testified that “67% of the bullets from my tests did not match the Ray rifle.” He added that the unfired bullets found wrapped with it in a blanket were metallurgically different from the bullet taken from King’s body, and therefore were from a different lot of ammunition. And because the rifle’s scope had not been sited, Brown said, “this weapon literally could not have hit the broad side of a barn.” Holding up the 30.06 Remington 760 Gamemaster rifle, Judge Brown told the jury, “It is my opinion that this is not the murder weapon.”

      2. Circuit Court Judge Arthur Hanes Jr. of Birmingham, Alabama, had been Ray’s attorney in 1968. (On the eve of his trial, Ray replaced Hanes and his father, Arthur Hanes Sr., by Percy Foreman, a decision Ray told the Haneses one week later was the biggest mistake of his life.) Hanes testified that in the summer of 1968 he interviewed Guy Canipe, owner of the Canipe Amusement Company. Canipe was a witness to the dropping in his doorway of a bundle that held a trove of James Earl Ray memorabilia, including the rifle, unfired bullets, and a radio with Ray’s prison identification number on it. This dropped bundle, heaven (or otherwise) sent for the State’s case against Ray, can be accepted as credible evidence through a willing suspension of disbelief. As Judge Hanes summarized the State’s lone-assassin theory (with reference to an exhibit depicting the scene), “James Earl Ray had fired the shot from the bathroom on that second floor, come down that hallway into his room and carefully packed that box, tied it up, then had proceeded across the walkway the length of the building to the back where that stair from that door came up, had come down the stairs out the door, placed the Browning box containing the rifle and the radio there in the Canipe entryway.” Then Ray presumably got in his car seconds before the police’s arrival, driving from downtown Memphis to Atlanta unchallenged in his white Mustang.
        Concerning his interview with the witness who was the cornerstone of this theory, Judge Hanes told the jury that Guy Canipe (now deceased) provided “terrific evidence”: “He said that the package was dropped in his doorway by a man headed south down Main Street on foot, and that this happened at about ten minutes before the shot was fired [emphasis added].”
        Hanes thought Canipe’s witnessing the bundle-dropping ten minutes before the shot was very credible for another reason. It so happened (as confirmed by Philip Melanson’s research) that at 6:00 p.m. one of the MPD tactical units that had been withdrawn earlier by Inspector Evans, TACT 10, had returned briefly to the area with its 16 officers for a rest break at Fire Station 2. Thus, as Hanes testified, with the firehouse brimming with police, some already watching King across the street, “when they saw Dr. King go down, the fire house erupted like a beehive . . . In addition to the time involved [in Ray’s presumed odyssey from the bathroom to the car], it was circumstantially almost impossible to believe that somebody had been able to throw that [rifle] down and leaave right in the face of that erupting fire station.”
        When I spoke with Judge Hanes after the trial about the startling evidence he had received from Canipe, he commented, “That’s what I’ve been saying for 30 years.”

      3. William Hamblin testified not about the rifle thrown down in the Canipe doorway but rather the smoking rifle Loyd Jowers said he received at his back door from Earl Clark right after the shooting. Hamblin recounted a story he was told many times by his friend James McCraw, who had died.
        James McCraw is already well-known to researchers as the taxi driver who arrived at the rooming house to pick up Charlie Stephens shortly before 6:00 p.m. on April 4. In a deposition read earlier to the jury, McCraw said he found Stephens in his room lying on his bed too drunk to get up, so McCraw turned out the light and left without him — minutes before Stephens, according to the State, identified Ray in profile passing down the hall from the bathroom. McCraw also said the bathroom door next to Stephen’s room was standing wide open, and there was no one in the bathroom — where again, according to the State, Ray was then balancing on the tub, about to squeeze the trigger.
        William Hamblin told the jury that he and fellow cab-driver McCraw were close friends for about 25 years. Hamblin said he probably heard McCraw tell the same rifle story 50 times, but only when McCraw had been drinking and had his defenses down.
        In that story, McCraw said that Loyd Jowers had given him the rifle right after the shooting. According to Hamblin, “Jowers told him to get the [rifle] and get it out of here now. [McCraw] said that he grabbed his beer and snatched it out. He had the rifle rolled up in an oil cloth, and he leapt out the door and did away with it.” McCraw told Hamblin he threw the rifle off a bridge into the Mississippi River.
        Hamblin said McCraw never revealed publicly what he knew of the rifle because, like Jowers, he was afraid of being indicted: “He really wanted to come out with it, but he was involved in it. And he couldn’t really tell the truth.”
        William Pepper accepted Hamblin’s testimony about McCraw’s disposal of the rifle over Jowers’s claim to Dexter King that he gave the rifle to Raul. Pepper said in his closing argument that the actual murder weapon had been lying “at the bottom of the Mississippi River for over thirty-one years.”




Maynard Stiles, who in 1968 was a senior official in the Memphis Sanitation Department, confirmed in his testimony that the bushes near the rooming house were cut down. At about 7:00 a.m. on April 5, Stiles told the jury, he received a call from MPD Inspector Sam Evans “requesting assistance in clearing brush and debris from a vacant lot in the vicinity of the assassination. . . . They went to that site, and under the direction of the police department, whoever was in charge there, proceeded with the clean-up in a slow, methodical, meticulous manner.” . . . Within hours of King’s assassination, the crime scene that witnesses were identifying to the Memphis police as a cover for the shooter had been sanitized by orders of the police.




  • Raul
    One of the most significant developments in the Memphis trial was the emergence of the mysterious Raul through the testimony of a series of witnesses.
    In a 1995 deposition by James Earl Ray that was read to the jury, Ray told of meeting Raul in Montreal in the summer of 1967, three months after Ray had escaped from a Missouri prison. According to Ray, Raul guided Ray’s movements, gave him money for the Mustang car and the rifle, and used both to set him up in Memphis.
    Andrew Young and Dexter King described their meeting with Jowers and Pepper at which Pepper had shown Jowers a spread of photographs, and Jowers picked out one as the person named Raul who brought him the rifle to hold at Jim’s Grill. Pepper displayed the same spread of photos in court, and Young and King pointed out the photo Jowers had identified as Raul. (Private investigator John Billings said in separate testimony that this picture was a passport photograph from 1961, when Raul had immigrated from Portugal to the U.S.)
    The additional witnesses who identified the photo as Raul’s included: British merchant seaman Sidney Carthew, who in a videotaped deposition from England said he had met Raul (who offered to sell him guns) and a man he thinks was Ray (who wanted to be smuggled onto his ship) in Montreal in the summer of 1967; Glenda and Roy Grabow, who recognized Raul as a gunrunner they knew in Houston in the `60s and `70s and who told Glenda in a rage that he had killed Martin Luther King; Royce Wilburn, Glenda’s brother, who also knew Raul in Houston; and British television producer Jack Saltman, who had obtained the passport photo and showed it to Ray in prison, who identified it as the photo of the person who had guided him.
    Saltman and Pepper, working on independent investigations, located Raul in 1995. He was living quietly with his family in the northeastern U.S. It was there in 1997 that journalist Barbara Reis of the Lisbon Publico, working on a story about Raul, spoke with a member of his family. Reis testified that she had spoken in Portuguese to a woman in Raul’s family who, after first denying any connection to Ray’s Raul, said “they” had visited them. “Who?” Reis asked. “The government,” said the woman. She said government agents had visited them three times over a three-year period. The government, she said, was watching over them and monitoring their phone calls. The woman took comfort and satisfaction in the fact that her family (so she believed) was being protected by the government.
    In his closing argument Pepper said of Raul: “Now, as I understand it, the defense had invited Raul to appear here. He is outside this jurisdiction, so a subpoena would be futile. But he was asked to appear here. In earlier proceedings there were attempts to depose him, and he resisted them. So he has not attempted to come forward at all and tell his side of the story or to defend himself.”

     

  • A broader conspiracy
    Carthel Weeden, captain of Fire Station 2 in 1968, testified that he was on duty the morning of April 4 when two U.S. Army officers approached him. The officers said they wanted a lookout for the Lorraine Motel. Weeden said they carried briefcases and indicated they had cameras. Weeden showed the officers to the roof of the fire station. He left them at the edge of its northeast corner behind a parapet wall. From there the Army officers had a bird’s-eye view of Dr. King’s balcony doorway and could also look down on the brushy area adjacent to the fire station.
    The testimony of writer Douglas Valentine filled in the background of the men Carthel Weeden had taken up to the roof of Fire Station 2. While Valentine was researching his book The Phoenix Program (1990), on the CIA’s notorious counterintelligence program against Vietnamese villagers, he talked with veterans in military intelligence who had been re-deployed from the Vietnam War to the sixties antiwar movement. They told him that in 1968 the Army’s 111th Military Intelligence Group kept Martin Luther King under 24-hour-a-day surveillance. Its agents were in Memphis April 4. As Valentine wrote in The Phoenix Program, they “reportedly watched and took photos while King’s assassin moved into position, took aim, fired, and walked away.”
    Testimony which juror David Morphy later described as “awesome” was that of former CIA operative Jack Terrell, a whistle-blower in the Iran-Contra scandal. Terrell, who was dying of liver cancer in Florida, testified by videotape that his close friend J.D. Hill had confessed to him that he had been a member of an Army sniper team in Memphis assigned to shoot “an unknown target” on April 4. After training for a triangular shooting, the snipers were on their way into Memphis to take up positions in a watertower and two buildings when their mission was suddenly cancelled. Hill said he realized, when he learned of King’s assassination the next day, that the team must have been part of a contingency plan to kill King if another shooter failed.
    Terrell said J.D. Hill was shot to death. His wife was charged with shooting Hill (in response to his drinking), but she was not indicted. From the details of Hill’s death, Terrell thought the story about Hill’s wife shooting him was a cover, and that his friend had been assassinated. In an interview, Terrell said the CIA’s heavy censorship of his book Disposable Patriot (1992) included changing the paragraph on J.D. Hill’s death, so that it read as if Terrell thought Hill’s wife was responsible.

     

  • Cover-up
    Walter Fauntroy, Dr. King’s colleague and a 20-year member of Congress, chaired the subcommittee of the 1976-78 House Select Committee on Assassinations that investigated King’s assassination. Fauntroy testified in Memphis that in the course of the HSCA investigation “it was apparent that we were dealing with very sophisticated forces.” He discovered electronic bugs on his phone and TV set. When Richard Sprague, HSCA’s first chief investigator, said he would make available all CIA, FBI, and military intelligence records, he became a focus of controversy. Sprague was forced to resign. His successor made no demands on U.S. intelligence agencies. Such pressures contributed to the subcommittee’s ending its investigation, as Fauntroy said, “without having thoroughly investigated all of the evidence that was apparent.” Its formal conclusion was that Ray assassinated King, that he probably had help, and that the government was not involved.
    When I interviewed Fauntroy in a van on his way back to the Memphis Airport, I asked about the implications of his statements in an April 4, 1997 Atlanta Constitution article. The article said Fauntroy now believed “Ray did not fire the shot that killed King and was part of a larger conspiracy that possibly involved federal law enforcement agencies, ” and added: “Fauntroy said he kept silent about his suspicions because of fear for himself and his family.”
    Fauntroy told me that when he left Congress in 1991 he had the opportunity to read through his files on the King assassination, including raw materials that he’d never seen before. Among them was information from J. Edgar Hoover’s logs. There he learned that in the three weeks before King’s murder the FBI chief held a series of meetings with “persons involved with the CIA and military intelligence in the Phoenix operation in Southeast Asia.” Why? Fauntroy also discovered there had been Green Berets and military intelligence agents in Memphis when King was killed. “What were they doing there?” he asked.
    When Fauntroy had talked about his decision to write a book about what he’d “uncovered since the assassination committee closed down,” he was promptly investigated and charged by the Justice Department with having violated his financial reports as a member of Congress. His lawyer told him that he could not understand why the Justice Department would bring up a charge on the technicality of one misdated check. Fauntroy said he interpreted the Justice Department’s action to mean: “Look, we’ll get you on something if you continue this way. . . . I just thought: I’ll tell them I won’t go and finish the book, because it’s surely not worth it.”
    At the conclusion of his trial testimony, Fauntroy also spoke about his fear of an FBI attempt to kill James Earl Ray when he escaped from Tennessee’s Brushy Mountain State Penitentiary in June 1977. Congressman Fauntroy had heard reports about an FBI SWAT team having been sent into the area around the prison to shoot Ray and prevent his testifying at the HSCA hearings. Fauntroy asked HSCA chair Louis Stokes to alert Tennesssee Governor Ray Blanton to the danger to the HSCA’s star witness and Blanton’s most famous prisoner. When Stokes did, Blanton called off the FBI SWAT team, Ray was caught safely by local authorities, and in Fauntroy’s words, “we all breathed a sigh of relief.”
    The Memphis jury also learned how a 1993-98 Tennessee State investigation into the King assassination was, if not a cover-up, then an inquiry noteworthy for its lack of witnesses. Lewis Garrison had subpoenaed the head of the investigation, Mark Glankler, in an effort to discover evidence helpful to Jowers’s defense. William Pepper then cross-examined Glankler on the witnesses he had interviewed in his investigation:
    Q. (BY MR. PEPPER) Mr. Glankler, did you interview Mr. Maynard Stiles, whose testifying —
    A. I know the name, Counselor, but I don’t think I took a statement from Maynard Stiles or interviewed him. I don’t think I did.
    Q. Did you ever interview Mr. Floyd Newsum?
    A. Can you help me with what he does?
    Q. Yes. He was a black fireman who was assigned to Station Number 2.
    A. I don’t recall the name, Counsel.
    Q. All right. Ever interview Mr. Norvell Wallace?
    A. I don’t recall that name offhand either.
    Q. Ever interview Captain Jerry Williams?
    A. Fireman also?
    Q. Jerry Williams was a policeman. He was a homicide detective.
    A. No, sir, I don’t — I really don’t recall that name.
    Q. Fair enough. Did you ever interview Mr. Charles Hurley, a private citizen?
    A. Does he have a wife named Peggy?
    Q. Yes.
    A. I think we did talk with a Peggy Hurley or attempted to.
    Q. Did you interview a Mr. Leon Cohen?
    A. I just don’t recall without —
    Q. Did you ever interview Mr. James McCraw?
    A. I believe we did. He talks with a device?
    Q. Yes, the voice box..
    A. Yes, okay. I believe we did talk to him, yes, sir.
    Q. How about Mrs. Olivia Catling, who has testified —
    A. I’m sorry, the last name again.
    Q. Catling, C A T L I N G.
    A. No, sir, that name doesn’t —
    Q. Did you ever interview Ambassador Andrew Young?
    A. No, sir.
    Q. You didn’t?
    A. No, sir, not that I recall.
    Q. Did you ever interview Judge Arthur Hanes?
    A. No, sir.
    So it goes — downhill. The above is Glankler’s high-water mark: He got two out of the first ten (if one counts Charles and Peggy Hurley as a yes). Pepper questioned Glankler about 25 key witnesses. The jury was familiar with all of them from prior testimony in the trial. Glankler could recall his office interviewing a total of three. At the twenty-fifth-named witness, Earl Caldwell, Pepper finally let Glankler go:
    Q. Did you ever interview a former New York Times journalist, a New York Daily News correspondent named Earl Caldwell?
    A. Earl Caldwell? Not that I recall.
    Q. You never interviewed him in the course of your investigation?
    A. I just don’t recall that name.
    MR. PEPPER: I have no further comments about this investigation — no further questions for this investigator.




Pepper went a step beyond saying government agencies were responsible for the assassination. To whom in turn were those murderous agencies responsible? Not so much to government officials per se, Pepper asserted, as to the economic powerholders they represented who stood in the even deeper shadows behind the FBI, Army Intelligence, and their affiliates in covert action. By 1968, Pepper told the jury, “And today it is much worse in my view” — “the decision-making processes in the United States were the representatives, the footsoldiers of the very economic interests that were going to suffer as a result of these times of changes [being actived by King].”
To say that U.S. government agencies killed Martin Luther King on the verge of the Poor People’s Campaign is a way into the deeper truth that the economic powers that be (which dictate the policies of those agencies) killed him. In the Memphis prelude to the Washington campaign, King posed a threat to those powers of a non-violent revolutionary force. Just how determined they were to stop him before he reached Washington was revealed in the trial by the size and complexity of the plot to kill him.

The vision behind the trial

In his sprawling, brilliant work that underlies the trial, Orders to Kill (1995), William Pepper introduced readers to most of the 70 witnesses who took the stand in Memphis or were cited by deposition, tape, and other witnesses. To keep this article from reading like either an encyclopedia or a Dostoevsky novel, I have highlighted only a few. (Thanks to the King Center, the full trial trascript is available online at http://www.thekingcenter.com/tkc/trial.html.) What Pepper’s work has accomplished in print and in court can be measured by the intensity of the media attacks on him, shades of Jim Garrison. But even Garrison did not gain the support of the Kennedy family (in his case) or achieve a guilty verdict. The Memphis trial has opened wide a door to our assassination politics. Anyone who walks through it is faced by an either/or: to declare naked either the empire or oneself.
The King family has chosen the former. The vision behind the trial is at least as much theirs as it is William Pepper’s, for ultimately it is the vision of Martin Luther King Jr. Coretta King explained to the jury her family’s purpose in pursuing the lawsuit against Jowers: “This is not about money. We’re concerned about the truth, having the truth come out in a court of law so that it can be documented for all. I’ve always felt that somehow the truth would be known, and I hoped that I would live to see it. It is important I think for the sake of healing so many people — my family, other people, the nation.”
Dexter King, the plaintiffs’ final witness, said the trial was about why his father had been killed: “From a holistic side, in terms of the people, in terms of the masses, yes, it has to be dealt with because it is not about who killed Martin Luther King Jr., my father. It is not necessarily about all of those details. It is about: Why was he killed? Because if you answer the why, you will understand the same things are still happening. Until we address that, we’re all in trouble. Because if it could happen to him, if it can happen to this family, it can happen to anybody.
“It is so amazing for me that as soon as this issue of potential involvement of the federal government came up, all of a sudden the media just went totally negative against the family. I couldn’t understand that. I kept asking my mother, `What is going on?’
“She reminded me. She said, `Dexter, your dad and I have lived through this once already. You have to understand that when you take a stand against the establishment, first, you will be attacked. There is an attempt to discredit. Second, [an attempt] to try and character-assassinate. And third, ultimately physical termination or assassination.’
“Now the truth of the matter is if my father had stopped and not spoken out, if he had just somehow compromised, he would probably still be here with us today. But the minute you start talking about redistribution of wealth and stopping a major conflict, which also has economic ramifications . . . “
In his closing argument, William Pepper identified economic power as the root reason for King’s assassination: “When Martin King opposed the war, when he rallied people to oppose the war, he was threatening the bottom lines of some of the largest defense contractors in this country. This was about money. He was threatening the weapons industry, the hardware, the armaments industries, that would all lose as a result of the end of the war.
“The second aspect of his work that also dealt with money that caused a great deal of consternation in the circles of power in this land had to do with his commitment to take a massive group of people to Washington. . . . Now he began to talk about a redistribution of wealth, in this the wealthiest country in the world.”
Pepper went a step beyond saying government agencies were responsible for the assassination. To whom in turn were those murderous agencies responsible? Not so much to government officials per se, Pepper asserted, as to the economic powerholders they represented who stood in the even deeper shadows behind the FBI, Army Intelligence, and their affiliates in covert action. By 1968, Pepper told the jury, “And today it is much worse in my view” — “the decision-making processes in the United States were the representatives, the footsoldiers of the very economic interests that were going to suffer as a result of these times of changes [being actived by King].”
To say that U.S. government agencies killed Martin Luther King on the verge of the Poor People’s Campaign is a way into the deeper truth that the economic powers that be (which dictate the policies of those agencies) killed him. In the Memphis prelude to the Washington campaign, King posed a threat to those powers of a non-violent revolutionary force. Just how determined they were to stop him before he reached Washington was revealed in the trial by the size and complexity of the plot to kill him.
Dexter King testified to the truth of his father’s death with transforming clarity: “If what you are saying goes against what certain people believe you should be saying, you will be dealt with — maybe not the way you are dealt with in China, which is overtly. But you will be dealt with covertly. The result is the same.
“We are talking about a political assassination in modern-day times, a domestic political assassination. Of course, it is ironic, but I was watching a special on the CIA. They say, `Yes, we’ve participated in assassinations abroad but, no, we could never do anything like that domestically.’ Well, I don’t know. . . . Whether you call it CIA or some other innocuous acronym or agency, killing is killing.
“The issue becomes: What do we do about this? Do we endorse a policy in this country, in this life, that says if we don’t agree with someone, the only means to deal with it is through elimination and termination? I think my father taught us the opposite, that you can overcome without violence.
“We’re not in this to make heads roll. We’re in this to use the teachings that my father taught us in terms of nonviolent reconciliation. It works. We know that it works. So we’re not looking to put people in prison. What we’re looking to do is get the truth out so that this nation can learn and know officially. If the family of the victim, if we’re saying we’re willing to forgive and embark upon a process that allows for reconciliation, why can’t others?”
When pressed by Pepper to name a specific amount of damages for the death of his father, Dexter King said, “One hundred dollars.”

The Verdict

The jury returned with a verdict after two and one-half hours. Judge James E. Swearengen of Shelby County Circuit Court, a gentle African-American man in his last few days before retirement, read the verdict aloud. The courtroom was now crowded with spectators, almost all black.
“In answer to the question, `Did Loyd Jowers participate in a conspiracy to do harm to Dr. Martin Luther King?’ your answer is `Yes.'” The man on my left leaned forward and whispered softly, “Thank you, Jesus.”
The judge continued: “Do you also find that others, including governmental agencies, were parties to this conspiracy as alleged by the defendant?’ Your answer to that one is also `Yes.'” An even more heartfelt whisper: “Thank you, Jesus!”




Perhaps the lesson of the King assassination is that our government understands the power of nonviolence better than we do, or better than we want to. In the spring of 1968, when Martin King was marching (and Robert Kennedy was campaigning), King was determined that massive, nonviolent civil disobedience would end the domination of democracy by corporate and military power. The powers that be took Martin Luther King seriously. They dealt with him in Memphis.
Thirty-two years after Memphis, we know that the government that now honors Dr. King with a national holiday also killed him. As will once again become evident when the Justice Department releases the findings of its “limited re-investigation” into King’s death, the government (as a footsoldier of corporate power) is continuing its cover-up — just as it continues to do in the closely related murders of John and Robert Kennedy and Malcolm X.




David Morphy, the only juror to grant an interview, said later: “We can look back on it and say that we did change history. But that’s not why we did it. It was because there was an overwhelming amount of evidence and just too many odd coincidences.
“Everything from the police department being pulled back, to the death threat on Redditt, to the two black firefighters being pulled off, to the military people going up on top of the fire station, even to them going back to that point and cutting down the trees. Who in their right mind would go and destroy a crime scene like that the morning after? It was just very, very odd.”
I drove the few blocks to the house on Mulberry Street, one block north of the Lorraine Motel (now the National Civil Rights Museum). When I rapped loudly on Olivia Catling’s security door, she was several minutes in coming. She said she’d had the flu. I told her the jury’s verdict, and she smiled. “So I can sleep now. For years I could still hear that shot. After 31 years, my mind is at ease. So I can sleep now, knowing that some kind of peace has been brought to the King family. And that’s the best part about it.”
Perhaps the lesson of the King assassination is that our government understands the power of nonviolence better than we do, or better than we want to. In the spring of 1968, when Martin King was marching (and Robert Kennedy was campaigning), King was determined that massive, nonviolent civil disobedience would end the domination of democracy by corporate and military power. The powers that be took Martin Luther King seriously. They dealt with him in Memphis.
Thirty-two years after Memphis, we know that the government that now honors Dr. King with a national holiday also killed him. As will once again become evident when the Justice Department releases the findings of its “limited re-investigation” into King’s death, the government (as a footsoldier of corporate power) is continuing its cover-up — just as it continues to do in the closely related murders of John and Robert Kennedy and Malcolm X.
The faithful in a nonviolent movement that hopes to change the distribution of wealth and power in the U.S.A. — as Dr. King’s vision, if made real, would have done in 1968 — should be willing to receive the same kind of reward that King did in Memphis. As each of our religious traditions has affirmed from the beginning, that recurring story of martyrdom (“witness”) is one of ultimate transformation and cosmic good news
… when gunned down while standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel. … restaurant owner was sued in civil court as part of a conspiracy to murder Martin Luther King.

www.digitaljournal.com/article/305238

Who really killed Dr. Martin Luther King? … flop house” across the street from theLorraine Motel … patsy and an unwitting participant in a conspiracy

www.fox8.com/news/wjw-fox-8-exclusive-mlk-jr-conspiracy

april 4 the assassination dr martin l king who killed on 3 1968 walter bailey lorraine motel received call member kings inner circle atlanta requesting specific room second floor always stayed overheard entourage asking him come out his speak small group lot knew bed but talk people came he shoot judas her after official coverup statement said died few days later setup hit complete transcript luther jr conspiracy trial olivia catling around mr pdf voice view html across fire station no 2 ordered question did loyd jowers participate do harm www mlk in family other unknown coconspirators only named defendant never their as soon became evident court real stood shadows behind former owner memphis grill pepper effect u s intelligence agencies fbi army organizing up such charge almost its being within united states it i believe fact courtroom tv reporter beginning end week because anyone else land even went testimony given before barbara reis correspondent lisbon daily publico there several turned me everything century o j here many have verdict case criminal civil evidence much than for plaintiffs used made agreed time these point government possible put agency step would federal which thanks independent judge sense history lawyer truth occurred least more through them see forces martyrdom six black white willing hear guilty charged we also thank figure providing way into when three swearengen testify attorney lewis garrison if subpoenaed too late 1993 against public william james earl ray told story sam donaldson live asked help murder plot police wouldn t night interview read jury man produce frank liberto now deceased hold restaurant jim back door opened onto bushes visited day raul brought rifle box mike vinson marchapril probe witnesses testified involvement john mcferren arrived 5 pm warehouse shot 6 approached office phone saying sonofabitch balcony addison friend son learned didn kill done what says missouri heard tape 1998 meeting dexter ambassador andrew young meetings plan included undercover department officer marrell mccollough works central mpd clark third two men know thought agents identifying kneeling beside body famous photograph according witness smith community invaders working agent guy ran stairs right fired smoking rear down wrapped picked next best impression wanted get god free denied however purpose claim continued fear defend target ve seven basic background local conspiracy; crime broader lawson sclc vietnam poor campaign washington speech new york 1967 war identified violence world today house hatred deepened response d c shut nation capital spring massive disobedience until abolish poverty saw sanitation workers strike nonviolent revolution redistribute income doubt viewed seriously enough coretta return early violent march scene thus mrs could still floyd e newsum firefighter rights mountain top home returned transferred located street 31 needed left somebody company making request norvell wallace orders transfer threatened ever satisfactory explanation not described removal redditt detective surveillance hours to understand important himself initiated watch firehouse party including airport noticed something inspector don security nobody past assigned part team so others afternoon arkin take director holloman 25 years edgar hoover reason gave life select committee assassinations heavily farce total hsca strange spoken writers researchers doing interviewing order discredit first closed executive finally investigation you want deal like country just tell they ll and over hearing worth bottom one go open without looked book look questions answers this re going answer say a captain jerry williams stand responsible special unit officers earlier took protection couldn explained anybody very arrival some whom participant change leon cohen become morning spoke outside forced opposed moving better happened philip melanson 1991 tactical units vicinity evans why pulled assassin pastor kyles wrote any determined lived block away mulberry evening glimpse she clock corner huling north running building green chevrolet car drove gunned months off leaving opposite seen thirtyone anything how let fireman standing overgrown brushy area adjacent caldwell times videotaped 00 p m heavy looking article questioned authorities orange record person smoke ten seconds brush side from bullet sniper buildings remember then though 8 hill cut rooming having interviewed law enforcement since jones got rather believed sort 30 same information concerning maynard stiles senior confirmed near at 7 assistance clearing debris vacant called another site under direction whoever proceeded cleanup slow methodical meticulous manner cover shooter sanitized readers again recall key offered weapon joe arthur hanes hamblin brown hearings bullets added unfired found different taken circuit father decision summer canipe doorway bundle held radio prison number dropped sent state accepted credible theory bathroom mustang minutes already watching involved shooting mccraw stephens deposition lying wide close probably drinking mississippi river revealed indicted really closing argument most series 1995 montreal escaped guided money set spread photos photo private investigator passport british glenda jack saltman showed 1997 journalist woman defense appear attempted forward carthel weeden roof valentine while phoenix program cia talked military movement kept juror david morphy terrell death wife details assassinated fauntroy congress subcommittee investigated course apparent discovered sprague chief make available conclusion justice reports action attempt tennessee swat testifying stokes blanton mark glankler q by name think does yes either sir charles hurley peggy last goes news further beyond turn those murderous officials per se asserted economic powerholders represented deeper affiliates covert worse decisionmaking processes representatives footsoldiers interests suffer result changes actived verge powers dictate policies prelude posed threat revolutionary force stop reached size complexity vision work media kennedy ultimately somehow terms dealt happen issue once termination talking redistribution wealth power threatening should political killing taught reconciliation amount jesus perhaps lesson understands nonviolence marching robert campaigning domination democracy corporate thirtytwo honors national holiday releases findings limited reinvestigation footsoldier continuing continues closely related murders malcolm x odd mind sleep kind

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Israel Attack Gaza – 115 Palestinians Dead mostly Women and Children 850 wounded Update – Is Israel in Bible Prophecy?

News for latest news israel gaza

 LIVE blog: latest from the Middle East

News for israel terrorist attack on israel

Telegraph.co.uk

  1. Israeli Terror Attacks: Day 5


    Bay Area Indymedia ‎- 5 hours ago
    Sunday
    as this is written is day 5. Monday when it’s read will be day 6. How
    much longer will this continue? How much more death, destruction,

Death Toll Rises To 94 Palestinians…


50 Civilians Killed… 720 Wounded…


Airstrike Hits Gaza HQ Of Local, Foreign Media…


Report: Militant Leader Dies…


Both Sides To Present Truce Conditions…


Alleged Ultimatum: Stop Rockets Or Offensive Steps Up…


75 Rockets Fired At Israel Monday…


Over 1,350 Sites In Gaza Hit…


WATCH: Blast Rattles Anderson Cooper…


LIVE UPDATES

 

Turkey’s Erdogan calls Israel a “terrorist state” – Yahoo! News

news.yahoo.com/turkeys-erdogan-israel-carrying-terrorist-acts-gaza-…

3 hours ago – “For this reason, I say that Israel is a terrorist state, and its acts are terrorist Smoke rises following an Israeli strike in the northern Gaza Strip

  • Israeli air strikes inflict bitter toll on Gaza childrenA Palestinian man kisses the hand of a dead relative
    Hamas PM condemns ‘ugly massacre’
    that wiped out 11 members of one family as onslaught continues

     At least 11 members of one family, including five women and four children, were killed when Israel bombed a house in Gaza Cityon Sunday as the five-day-old war claimed more civilian lives with no sign of a let-up in the intense bombardment.The air strike flattened the home of the Dalou family in the Sheikh Radwan district of Gaza City, causing the biggest death toll in a single incident since the offensive began last Wednesday.

    On
    Monday morning the Israeli defence force appeared to admit the family
    had been killed by mistake. The Haaretz website quoted the army as
    saying their house was either incorrectly pinpointed or a missile malfunctioned.

    The Associated Press
    NBCNews.com ‎- 31 minutes ago
    Updated at 7:20 a.m. ET: GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip — International mediation efforts gathered steam Monday as Israel bombed dozens of
New York Times


Violence a daily reality as world leaders push for IsraelGaza cease-fire


CNN ‎- 5 hours ago

But Israel said nearly 100 rockets fired from Gaza in recent days have and Hamas news organizations as well as a handful of international


 
IAF kills Hamas rocket commander; Obama urges Israel to avoid ground offensive


Rocket scored direct hit on Be’er Sheva home; three wounded in
attacks on south; Iron Dome intercepts rocket over Tel Aviv, car catches
fire from shrapnel; Lieberman: Cease-fire is contingent upon total
cessation of fire by all terrorist groups.

 

Protests denounce Israeli bombing of Gaza

A man extinguishes the fire in a car targeted by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City

Israel Troops Gaza

Israel assassinates Hamas military chief in GazaNews – Boston.com

UN Security Council Calls Emergency Session.. Video Reportedly Shows Israel Killing Hamas Military Chief

Will Obama allow Netanyahu to Massacre the People of Gaza like Israel did in December of 2008?

Missiles fall near Hamas PM’s house as Israel intensifies attacks on

rt.com/news/israeli-missiles-pm-gaza-808/New
A targeted missile strike launched from an Israeli Navy warship has hit a vehicle near the home of Hamas


Egyptian PM visits Gaza as attacks continue

News: Egypt Torn Between Allies in Gaza and Treaty With Israel

Barack Obama Counsels Israel Restraint as Benjamin Netanyahu

Obama calls Israel, Egypt

Politico18 hours ago
President Obama called Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi in an effort to ease tensions  MAP: Gaza-Israel Crisis 2012: Every Verified Incident Mapped.The Guardian has created and is updating a map
that shows all the verified incidents reported by news sources and
wires across the region since the assassination of Hamas leader Ahmed
Jabari last week.

According to Blogger Living In Gaza City, Death Toll Climbs To 102

A Palestinian blogger living
in Gaza City is keeping a running total of all those reported
casualties in the Gaza Strip, complete with names and ages. Shahd Abusalamareports a death toll of 102 since the Israeli air strikes began on Wednesday. Video Shows Explosion At Shorouk Media Building

Al Jazeera aired footage of
the explosion at the Shorouk Media building, the second media building
to be hit by Israeli strikes on Sunday and Monday. The building houses
Al Arabiya, a Saudi-owned international TV channel, Al Aqsa TV, a local
TV channel, and Dubai TV, all of which have wide viewership in the Arab
world.

Al Jazeera’s Nadim Baba said on location: “The other media
building which was hit on Sunday saw several journalists wounded,
including one Palestinian cameraman who lost his leg in that attack. He
had to have it amputed because of his injuries. He was working for Al
Quds TV. This building that you see on fire is home to Al Aqsa TV, which
is a Hamas TV channel that is much more closely affiliated to Hamas.”

Dramatic Photos

The Guardian’s website
published a slideshow of twenty dramatic news photographs of the
continuing conflict between Israel and Gaza.Take a look here. Large Explosion Near Anderson Cooper During Live Report In Gaza Israelis And Palestinians Plead For Peace Via Facebook GroupThe creator of the
Israel-Loves-Iran campaign launched a new project pleading with Israel
and Palestinian militants to stop the violence in Gaza.

Obama to PM: Green Light, But Watch Out for Civilians – WW-3 NWO

Arutz Sheva

So far, the world’s leaders seem to be backing Israel’s defensive action in Gaza. U.S. President Barack H. Obama and EU Foreign Policy chief ..

Israeli air strike on Hamas military chief – video released by IDF

15 Nov 2012:

Video

(16 sec)

Video released by the Israeli Defence Forces shows the pinpoint
air strike targeting Ahmed al-Jabari, the Hamas military commander

Israel attacks on Gaza, Hamas kill Hamas leader

video.msnbc.msn.comNew20 hours ago
Video on NBCNews.com: Ahmed Al-Jaabari, commander of the military wing of Hamas has been killed by an

  1. Hamas military chief killed in Gaza air strike – Telegraph

    telegraph.co.ukNew1 day ago
    Hamas has said that Israeli air strike in Gaza which killed Ahmed Jabari, Arab League meeting
  2. Israel and Gaza’s deadly exchange continues

    guardian.co.ukNew16 hours ago
    Palestinians in Gaza parade the bodies of two men killed in air strikes as Israel continues its bombardment.
  3. Why has Israel attacked Gaza now? – video | News

    guardian.co.ukNew16 hours ago
    Jonathan Freedland considers the factors influencing the timing of Israel’s attack on Gaza.

Jaabari funeral

Egypt’s president condemns Israeli ‘aggression’

Israel continues to pound Gaza Strip after missile strike kills Hamas military leader

Israel intensifies attacks on Gaza Strip – Middle

Airstrikes target tunnels near city of Rafah as Palestinian fighters retaliate with rocket fire into southern Israel.

Israel War Crimes – The World Will Never Forget

  • Palestinian Hamas members carry the body of Ahmed al-Jabari during his funeral in Gaza City

    Gallery (18 pictures),

    15 Nov 2012:

    Deadly exchanges escalate in Gaza after an attack yesterday
    killed Hamas commander Ahmed al-Jabari. Three people have been killed
    after rockets fired from Gaza struck southern Israel, as the military
    onslaught enters a second day

 

The Real Truth About The Red Mass – Red Mass History

Cardinal Archbishop of Washington Donald Wuerl, bottom center, speaks with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy, left, as Justices Elena Kagan, center right, and Stephen Breyer, top right, all talk on the steps of the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle after the 60th annual Red Mass at in Washington on Sunday Sept. 30, 2012. The Red Mass is held traditionally in Washington the day before the Supreme Court’s new term opens. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

Supreme Court Justices Attend Annual Red MassHuffington Post

www.huffingtonpost.com/…/supreme-court-justices-redmass_n_192…

WASHINGTON — An American archbishop has reminded a congregation that included six Supreme Court justices Sunday to be open to the spirit of God, beg for his blessings and “strive to be instruments of a new evangelization.”

Red Mass Marks New, Unpredictable U.S. Supreme Court … by JOAN FRAWLEY DESMOND 10/01/2012 Comment … of marariage is changed at the federal level, religious freedom ..

“We must be loyal Americans by being bold and courageous men and women of faith and conviction regarding the ethical norms that guide society and its choices,” he said, paraphrasing a passage from a homily by Archbishop William Lori of Baltimore.

Six US Supreme Court Justices Present at Annual Red Mass in Washington DC

Catholic Online‎ – 12 hours ago

St. Thomas More said that he died the good servant of the King, but the the homily at a Red Mass in the Archdiocese of Washington, D.C..

In Red Mass homily, prelate recalls St. Thomas More

EndrTimes: The 60th Annual Red Mass & Brunch

endrtimes.blogspot.com/2012/…/the-60th-annual-redmass-brunch.ht…

3 days ago – 60th Annual Red Mass & Brunch Sunday, September 30, 2012 Time: ….. “Remember The Inquisition; It won’t be long before the fires are ignited

What Is The Red Mass In Washington D.C.? | Elev8 | Health Advice

elev8.com/603147/what-is-the-redmass-in-washington-d-c/

2 days ago – The Red Mass is a mass celebrated annually in the Catholic Church for judges, attorneys, law school professors, students, and government .

… Breyer, top right, all talk on the steps of the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle after the 60th annual Red Mass at in Washington on Sunday Sept. 30, 2012.

WASHINGTON (AP) — An American archbishop has reminded a congregation that included six Supreme Court justices Sunday to be open to the spirit of God, beg for his blessings and “strive to be instruments of a new evangelization.”

The Archdiocese of Washington says Justices John Roberts, Antonin Scalia, Elena Kagan, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas and Stephen Breyer were at the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle for Red Mass, celebrated the Sunday before the Supreme Court begins its new term.

The Most Rev. Timothy Broglio, archbishop for the military services, said the Mass was also “a moment to pause and pray for those who serve our country and foster justice for all.”

 Cardinal Archbishop of Washington Donald Wuerl speak with U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John G. Roberts on the steps of the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle after the 60th annual Red Mass in Washington on Sunday Sept. 30, 2012. The Red Mass is held traditionally in Washington the day before the Supreme Court’s new term opens. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

The Red Mass was started in Washington in 1952 by the John Carroll Society, a lay Catholic group of prominent lawyers and professionals. . . .

Lynn, an ordained minister with the United Church of Christ, noted the Mass was begun after several high court decisions that were disapproved of by the archdiocese.

“They figured if they got all the justices together and chatted them up in a worship service, they might be able to convince them to see the law their way,” he said.

In 1989, a top church official used the occasion of the Mass to call for a return to “religiously based moral values” and lament the “inviolable, impenetrable and towering wall” between church and state.

In 1986, Washington Cardinal James Hickey attacked the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade ruling legalizing abortion. .

For the most part the Red Mass is like any other Roman Catholic Mass. A sermon is given, the message which is delivered has an overlapping political and religious theme. The Mass is also an opportunity for the Catholic church to express its goals for the coming year. The most significant difference between the Red Mass and a traditional Mass is that the focuses of prayer and blessings concentrate on the leadership roles of those present. Guidance from the Holy Sprit is asked to be bestowed on the congregants. Other blessings that are commonly requested to prevail in the minds, offices, and court rooms are Divine strength, wisdom, truth, and justice. Peace and friendship are exchanged among the congregation, the sacraments are given, and the Mass is commenced.

With over half of the Supreme Court’s justices participating in this event, at a time when the Supreme Court has and will continue to face cases involving the separation of church and state, the event is considered controversial by some, even hough it attracts leaders from different religious backgrounds. (President Bush is an evangelical Protestant, Justice Breyer is Jewish.)

The Red Mass is called such due to the red vestments worn by Royal Judges participating in the Pope’s tribunal. Additionally the use of red garments continues today because of it’s representation of the Holy Sprit in Roman Catholic ritual. The tradition of the Red Mass extends back well before the establishment of the Supreme Court, to the Medieval Era. Although it is believed that the first Red Mass was held around 1200, it was not until 1245, in Paris, that the Mass was actually documented. As of 1310 the Mass had become an annual tradition in England to commemorate the beginning of each new Court term. From England the tradition of a yearly Red Mass spread throughout Europe. The tradition was adopted in the United States in the early 20th century.

The first American Red Mass was organized to promote Vatican policies. It was held at the Church of St. Andrew in New York City in 1928. After 1928 only a few Red Masses were held. But since 1953 Red Masses have been held annually in Washington DC. One of the principal reasons the Red Mass did not gain an earlier foothold in tradition in the United States may have been because of the widespread prejudice that existed against Catholicism. Although Catholicism is now regarded as a mainstream religion, prior to the 1950’s Catholicism was treated by many Protestants as sacrilegious if not pagan. A key turning point in the way Catholicism was regarded in the United States came in the 1950s when leading Catholic thinkers became identified with the anti-Communist movement. Faced with an outside enemy Protestants and Catholics united in a show of religious tolerance and Christian unity. (The first Catholic appointed to the Supreme Court was Roger Taney, who was appointed by Andrew Jackson. At the time of the 1953 Red Mass there were no Catholics on the Supreme Court, today (2012)  there are six Catholic justices, three Jewish justices and, for the first time in history, no Protestant justices. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg, who came once and was so offended by the “outrageously anti-abortion” homily that she never returned.

The Red Mass Honoring the Inquisitor Thomas More

“The centennial was officially celebrated on Monday with a historical Red Mass in St. John’s Church. The Red Mass was designed to ask St. Thomas More and .

Thomas More the Inquisitor

Photobucket - Video and Image Hosting“Sir” Thomas More Photobucket - Video and Image HostingThomas More overseeing

the burning of Tyndale Bibles

The Pope deemed Thomas More Patron Saint of the politicians But really he was a murderer and a very wicked man. (His wickedness is even documented in Foxe’s Book of Martyrs” in the 12th Chapter)

 Photobucket - Video and Image Hosting

Remember, They are honoring and giving the Sir Thomas More award to people at the Red Mass. Thomas More was a murderer and had many good men and women burned at the stake, including William Tyndale who was a main translator of the Bible into the English Language.

Separation of Church and State The question has been raised, and is now much agitated, if a theocracy was good in the time of Israel, why would not a theocratical … form of government be equally good for this time?


A True Theocracy

A theocracy is a government which derives its power immediately from God. The government of Israel was a true theocracy. That was really a government of God. At the burning bush, God commissioned Moses to lead his people out of Egypt. By signs and wonders and mighty miracles multiplied, God delivered Israel from Egypt and led them through the wilderness and finally into the promised land. There he ruled them by judges “until Samuel the prophet,” to whom, when he was a child, God spoke, and by whom He made known His will.

In the days of Samuel the people asked that they might have a king. This was allowed, and God chose Saul, and Samuel anointed him king of Israel. Saul failed to do the will of God; and as he rejected the word of the Lord, the Lord rejected him from being king and sent Samuel to anoint David king of Israel; and David’s throne God established forevermore. When Solomon succeeded to the kingdom in the place of David his father, the record is: “then Solomon sat on the throne of the Lord as king instead of David his father.” 1 Chronicles 29:23.

The Throne of the Lord “Whose Right It Is

David’s throne was the throne of the Lord, and Solomon sat on the throne of the Lord as king over the earthly kingdom of God. The succession to the throne descended in David’s line to Zedekiah, who was made subject to the king of Babylon, and who entered into a solemn covenant before God that he would loyally render allegiance to the king of Babylon. But Zedekiah broke his covenant, and then God said to him:

“thou, profane wicked prince of Israel, whose day is come, when iniquity shall have an end, thus saith the Lord God; remove the diadem, and take off the crown: this shall not be the same: exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high. I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until he come whose right it is; and i will give it him.” Ezekiel 21:25-27. See also chapter 17:1-21.

The kingdom was then subject to Babylon. When Babylon fell, and Medo-Persia succeeded, it was overturned the first time. When Medo-Persia fell and was succeeded by Greece, it was overturned the second time. When the Greek empire gave way to Rome, it was overturned the third time. And then says the word, “it shall be no more, until he come whose right it is; and i will give it him.”

Who is he whose right it is? “thou . . . Shalt call his name Jesus. He shall be great, and shall be called the son of the highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: and he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.” Luke 1:31-33.

“Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.”
John 18:36

Thy Kingdom Come

And while He was here as “that prophet,” a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief, the night in which He was betrayed He Himself declared, “my kingdom is not of this world.” thus the throne of the Lord has been removed from this world and will “be no more, until he come whose right it is,” and then it will be given him. And that time is the end of this world, and the beginning of “the world to come.”

To the twelve apostles the Saviour said, “I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; that ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” luke 22:29, 30.

From Matthew’s account of Christ’s promise to the twelve we learn when it will be fulfilled; “in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” Matthew 19:28.

In the parable of the talents, Christ represents himself under the figure of a nobleman who “went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.” Luke 19:12. And he himself has told us when he will sit upon the throne of his glory: “when the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: and before him shall be gathered all nations.” Matthew 25:31, 32.

Looking Forward

To this time the revelator looks forward when he says, “the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign forever and ever.” Revelation 11:15. The context clearly shows when this will take place: “the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.” verse 18.

It is at the time of the final judgment, the reward of the righteous, and the punishment of the wicked that the kingdom of Christ will be set up. When all who oppose the sovereignty of Christ have been destroyed, the kingdoms of this world become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ.

Then Christ will reign, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” Revelation 19:16. “and the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most high.” and “the saints of the most high shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever.” Daniel 7:27, 18.

Until that time the kingdom of Christ cannot be established on the earth. His kingdom is not of this world. His followers are to account themselves “strangers and pilgrims on the earth.” Paul says, “our citizenship is in heaven; from whence also we wait for a Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ.” Hebrews 11:13; Philippians 3:20, R.V.

Usurping God’s Authority

Since the kingdom of Israel passed away, God has never delegated authority to any man or body of men to execute his laws as such. “Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord” Romans 12:19. Civil governments have to do with the relations of man with man; but they have nothing whatever to do with the duties that grow out of man’s relation to God. Except the kingdom of Israel, no government has ever existed on the earth in which God by inspired men directed the affairs of state. Whenever men have endeavored to form such a government as that of Israel, they have, of necessity, taken it upon themselves to interpret and enforce the law of God. They have assumed the right to control the conscience, and thus have usurped the prerogative of God.

In the former dispensation, while sins against God were visited with temporal penalties, the judgments executed were not only by divine sanction, but under his direct control, and by his command. Sorcerers were to be put to death. Idolaters were to be slain. Profanity and sacrilege were punished with death. Whole nations of idolaters were to be exterminated. But the infliction of these penalties was directed by him who reads the hearts of men, who knows the measure of their guilt, and who deals with his creatures in wisdom and mercy. When men, with human frailties and passions, undertake to do this work, it needs no argument to show that the door is opened to unrestrained injustice and cruelty. The most inhuman crimes will be perpetrated, and all in the sacred name of Christ.

Foundation of Religious Tyranny

From the laws of Israel, which punished offenses against God, arguments have been drawn to prove the duty of punishing similar sins in this age. All persecutors have employed them to justify their deeds. The principle that God has delegated to human authority the right to control the conscience is the very foundation of religious tyranny and persecution. But all who reason thus lose sight of the fact that we are now living in a different dispensation, under conditions wholly different from those of Israel; that the kingdom of Israel was a type of the kingdom of Christ, which will not be set up until his second coming; and that the duties which pertain to man’s relation to God are not to be regulated or enforced by human authority.
Source: Patriarchs and Prophets, 1890, Appendix

Quotes by America’s Greatest Leaders
on the Relationship between Church and State

George Washington (First President of the United States of America.)
“Every man, conducting himself as a good citizen, and being accountable to God alone for his religious opinions, ought to be protected in worshiping the Deity according to the dictates of his own conscience.”May 1789

Thomas Jefferson (Third President of the United States of America)
“Almighty God hath created the mind free; all attempts to influence it by temporal punishments of burdens, or by civil incapacitations, tend only to beget habits of hypocrisy and meanness, and are a departure from the plan of the holy author of our religion, who being Lord both of body and mind, yet chose not to propagate it by coercions on either, as was in His almighty power to do.” Acts for Establishing Religious Freedom in Virginia, 1785 “I consider the government of the United States as interdicted by the Constitution from intermeddling with religious institutions, their doctrines, disciplines or exercises.” Words of Thomas Jefferson, Vol 5, pg 236

Abraham Lincoln (Sixteenth President of the United States of America)
“Our reliance is in the love of liberty which God has planted in us. Our defense is in the spirit which prizes liberty as the heritage of all men, in all lands everywhere. Destroy this spirit and you whave planted the seeds of despotism at your own doors. Familiarize yourself with the chains of bondage, and you prepare your own limbs to wear them. Accustomed to trample on the rights of others, you have lost the genious of your own independence and become the fit subjects of the first cunning tryant who rises among you.” Speech at Edwardsville, IL, 1858

Ulysses S. Grant (Eighteenth President of the United States of America)
“Declare church and state forever separate and distinct; but each free within their proper spheres.” Seventh annual message, Congress December 7, 1875. “Leave the matter of religion to the family altar, the church, and the private school supported entirely by private contribution. Keep church and state forever separate.” Des Moines, IA 1875.

James A. Garfield (Twentieth President of the United States of America) “Next in importance to freedom and justice is popular education, without which neither justice nor freedom can be permanently maintained. Its interests are intrusted to the States and the voluntary action of the people. Whatever help the nation can justly afford should be generously given to aid the States in supporting common schools; but it would be unjust to our people and dangerous to our institutions to apply any portion of the revenues of the nation or of the States to the support of sectarian schools. The separation of Church and State in everything relating to taxation should be absolute.” Letter of Acceptance of Nomination for the Presidency July 12, 1880

Theodore Roosevelt (Twenty-sixth President of the United States of America)
“I hold that in this country there must be complete severance of Church and State; that public moneys shall not be used for the purpose of advancing any particular creed; and therefore that the public schools shall be non-sectarian and no public moneys appropriated for sectarian schools.” New York, October 12, 1915

Benjamin Franklin (Statesman, Inventor, Author)
“When religion is good, it will take care of itself. When it is not able to take care of itself, and God does not see fit to take care of it, so that it has to appeal to the civil power for support, it is evidence to my mind that its cause is a bad one.”

“Those who would renegotiate the boundaries between church and state must therefore answer a difficult question: why would we trade a system that has served us so

Introduction to the concept of separation of church and state, and the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

Separation of Church and State The question has been raised, and is now much agitated, if a theocracy was good in the time of Israel, why would not a theocratical …

Systematic murder of believers the untold history of the inquisition by Richard Bennett

Listen to this article. Powered by Odiogo.com Systematic Murder of Believers

The Untold History of the Inquisition

By Richard Bennett

Most people at the present time have some knowledge of the Holocaust, the six years of

unspeakable horror and suffering to which the Jewish people were subjected under Hitler and the

Nazis during the Second World War. Few, however, are aware of the atrocities of systematized

torture and murder of Bible-believing Christians and Jews that took place during the 605 years of

the Inquisition.1

From the beginning of the Papacy to the present time, it is estimated by reputable and

trustworthy historians that tens of millions of people have been tortured and killed by Papal

persecutors for the crime of believing God’s word in the Bible, rather than the dogmas of the

Roman Catholic Church. While the majority of those who suffered were true believers, Papal

Rome also persecuted Jews, Muslims, Knights Templar, and those that she called “witches.

Through the Inquisition was demonstrated the grace and divine power that the Lord gave

to His people to survive those horrific years with their faith strengthened. Also shown was the

inner heart of ritualistic Catholicism and the lengths to which it will go to enforce its will. It is

truly a warning for succeeding generations.

In 1203, Pope Innocent III published a decree in France that

began the extermination of what the Pope called heresy. This

marked the start of the Inquisition as a distinctive Papal

institution. It was to endure until its final dissolution in Spain

and Portugal in 1808. Pope Innocent III began by

commanding armies of the Crusade to attack the Albigenses

in France. They were called Albigenses because many of

them resided in the city of Albi in southern France. They had

developed a committed Christian life, real estate, progressive

cities, and townships right across southern France. These

Christians were horrifically destroyed and butchered by the

armies of Papal Rome in their many cities, towns, and villages

across southern France. The Albigenses came from a group

that was originally known as the Paulicians, who took their

teaching from the Apostle Paul. Even their name, ‘Albigenses,’ has been deeply tarnished by

Roman Catholic sources. Not only were they slaughtered, but their memory has been practically

obliterated from the pages of history. However, from their fruits as Christians, we truly see the

character of these men and women who traced their faith back to the writings of Paul the Apostle

in the New Testament.

From the thirteenth century onwards, the machinery of the Papal Inquisition’s terrorism

was created. The Popes compelled secular authorities to co-operate under threat of drastic

penalties. Kings and princes who disobeyed the Popes’ orders were to be excommunicated and

1 The main historians that wrote on the Inquisition are Dowling, Lea, Vancandard, Maycock,

Coulton, Turberville and Scott

2

their subjects released from loyalty to them. In 1252, Pope Innocent IV devised in detail for the

many Inquisitors how torture was to be carried out. He did this in his decree called, At

Extirpanda. Confirmatory or regulatory decrees were later issued by Popes Alexander IV,

Clement IV, Urban IV, and Clement V. Torture was prescribed, but it was to stop short of

pulling off limbs or causing death. Disastrous punishments were enacted on all who protected or

gave help to believers. Those who applied the instruments of torture during the Inquisition were

following orders. The Popes themselves were wholly responsible for the instruments and how

they were used.

Then, in 1487, Pope Innocent VIII planned and ordered the persecution of the Vaudois

believers who had remained faithful to biblical faith since apostolic times.

Charles VIII of France agreed to raise an army for the destruction of the Vaudois.The Pope promised forgiveness of sins and a share in the goods to those who participated. The army was joined by thousands of gangsters urged on by the promise of forgiveness of sins and the

expectation of obtaining spoil from the Vaudois possessions. This army attacked the Vaudois mountain valleys in northern Italy. Thousands of Bible-believing Christians perished along with their homes while their crops were destroyed.Entire villages were demolished. Their women were raped and then viciously

murdered.True Believers: the Vaudois in Piedmont Valley For the most part, there is agreement among scholars about the history of the Inquisition.Lea’s great works, the History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages and the History of the Inquisition of Spain, embodied immense and careful research. There is little difference about facts in the writings of Dowling, Vancandard, Maycock, Coulton, and Turberville. The methods of the Inquisition were an outrage to elementary principles of justice. Anyone could be arrested

on suspicion. The trials were secret. The prisoner was not allowed to know the accusers or witnesses. The Bishops and priests who acted as judges had absolute power. The evidence of infamous persons, criminals, or perjurers was admitted so long as it was hostile. Children older than twelve were required to bear testimony. The prisoner was disallowed the help of an advocate, for anyone defending a prisoner was held guilty of the crime of heresy. A person tried by the Inquisition was scarcely ever acquitted. “In the register of Carcassonne from 1249 to 1258, comprising about two hundred cases, there is not a single case in which a prisoner was

discharged as innocent.” Tanon, a French investigator, wrote, “There is scarcely ever an acquittal, pure and simple, in the sentence of the Inquisition.”2 There were many accounts of burning at the stake across Europe. The ferocious Inquisitor, Robert le Bugre, who considered his mission was “not to convert but to burn,”

devastated much of France. In one period of about three months he is said to have thus

dispatched about fifty prisoners of either sex, and the whole number of his victims during the

several years of his unchecked career was very large.3 The notorious Conrad of Marburg caused a general panic in Germany where he was appointed Inquisitor by Pope Gregory IX. In 1520, Pope Leo X in his famous decree, Exsurge Domine, denounced the teachings of Luther with the following words, “That heretics should be burned is contrary to the will of the Spirit. The Roman Catholic scholar Lord Acton wrote,

“Rome taught for four centuries that no Catholic could be saved who denied that heretics ought

to be put to death.”

The prisons of the Inquisition were some of the most common and atrocious places. The Inquisitors could leave people in their prisons indefinitely, without trial. The Inquisitor Eymeric, in his

records called Directorium, stated that a person believed guilty “shall be shut up in prison, strictly confined and in chains. If he shows no willingness to be converted there is no need for haste for the pains and privations of imprisonment often bring about a change of mind.”5 To quote Lea, “The dungeons of the

Inquisition were abodes of fearful misery, but where there were reasons for increasing their terrors there was no difficulty in increasing the hardships. The chains and starvation in a stifling

hole was a favorite device for extracting confession from unwilling lips.”

Historians give us some detailed information about some of the prisons of the Inquisition. Even some Catholic priests complained about the prison conditions in some towns in the south of France. Historians tell that the cells were fitted up with a variety of

instruments to cause severe suffering. Many prisoners, through the severity of their torments,

lost the use of their limbs and were rendered utterly helpless.

The burning at the stake was the standard way that the Papacy disposed of believers.

This was usually done with dramatic pomp and festivity before the massive gatherings of people.

It was as if the Roman Church believed that both their bodies and beliefs would disappear into

cinders. In England, Mary Tudor, known as “Bloody Mary,” a fervent Catholic beholden to the

Pope, employed the Inquisition to burn no fewer than 288 Bible-believing martyrs. Most of

them died because they denied the Catholic dogma that Jesus Christ is really present, flesh and

blood, body and soul, divinity and humanity in the communion bread. The burning back to back

of Bishops Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley at the stake outside Balliol College Oxford, in

1555, is known to many people. So also are Latimer’s stirring last words an inspiration to

Christians over the centuries, “Be of good comfort, Master Ridley, and play the man; we shall

this day, by God’s grace, light such a candle in England as I trust shall never be put out.”

3Lea, History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages, Vol. 11, p. 116

4 Lord Acton Correspondence, Vol. 1, p. 108

5Maycock, The Inquisition, p. 157

6Lea, History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages, Vol. 1, p. 420

4

The Instruments of Torture

“The Rack” is one of the best known forms of medieval torture. This mechanism operated by

having the victim lie on a horizontal rack with his hands and ankles tied to rollers on opposite

ends.

The Inquisitors would perform the

interrogation while turning the rollers,

stretching the body of the suspect and

causing colossal pain.

They would stretch the body out until the joints were actually yanked from their sockets. The

ultimate intent was that of killing the victim either through shock or injuries. If the believer were

still alive, yet refused to submit, he or she was sent to be burned at the stake.

Besides the Rack, there was the torture of pulling the believer towards the ceiling with

ropes, and then with a weight on his or her feet, dropping him or her to the floor so that

excruciating pain ripped through the body.

The Inquisitors also used “Skull Crusher.” They ordered the believer’s chin to be

placed on a lower bar and a screw then forced an iron cap down on his or her head.

Their teeth could be crushed. Their eyes could be squeezed from their sockets.

It was hoped that the believer was so overcome by the extreme pain of having his

head crushed would confess his alleged errors and believe in the Holy Mother

Church.

The Inquisitors also used the “Iron Maiden.” It was a tomb-sized container

with folding doors. The spiked studded arms wrapped around the victim in such a way so as to

puncture parts of the entire body, including the ears and eyes.

The purpose of the use of Iron Maiden was to inflict pain by means of

vicious spikes and a slow death. The prickles inside were designed so that

the trapped believer was left to slowly die in the utmost pain.

A prisoner would be bidden to stand right in front of Iron Maiden prior to

torture. The spring would be touched by the executioner and the Iron

Maiden would fling open her arms, and the wretched victim would

straightway be forced within them. Another spring was then touched and the Iron Maiden closed upon her victim. Then spiky arms of the Iron Maiden slowly but irresistibly closed upon the man, cruelly goring him.

The talons Iron Maiden, sometimes called the “Iron Virgin,” were not designed to kill outright. They trapped the prisoner who was left  to slowly perish in the utmost pain. Beside these instruments of torture there were others for the tearing and ripping of one’s flesh.

The Catholic Church learned a human being could live

until the skin was peeled down to the waist. Often the

torturers heated these instruments and then used them on

women’s breasts and the genital organs of both sexes.

There were also instruments for compressing the fingers until the bones would be squeezed into

splinters. There were instruments for probing below the fingernails until pain like burning fire

would run along the nerves.

There were instruments for tearing out the tongue, for scooping out the eyes, and for rooting out the ears. There wasa bunch of iron cords with a spiked circle at the end of every whip for tearing the flesh from the back until bone and sinew were laid bare.

There were also iron cases for the legs, which were tightened upon the limb placed in them by means of a screw, till flesh and bone were reduced to a pulp.

The thumbscrews were also applied to crush prisoners’ toes, while larger, heavier devices based on the same design principle were applied to destroy knees and elbows.

The Chair of Nails Torture

The chair nails, used by Inquisitors, was studded with spikes. The victim was strapped naked in the chair and a fire was lit beneath it. Heavy

objects were placed upon the victim to increase the pain of the spikes.

Blows with mallets were also used to inflict more pain.

There were also devices to slowly and painfully remove the intestines and

other organs from the body while keeping the person alive and conscious

of the pain. Anyone of those horrors could be inflicted on anybody, i.e.,

man, woman, or child over the age of 12 that did not agree with the

teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. The Inquisition was carried out in France, Holland, Germany, Spain, and Italy.

The Stocks Torture

The victims often had their feet placed in stocks. The

stocks comprised two pieces of timber clamped together,

over and under, across each leg above the ankles. The

soles of the victim’s feet were greased with lard and a

blazing brazier was applied to them. Their feet were first

blistered and then fried. At intervals, a plank was

interposed between the fire and their feet. This plank was

to be immediately removed if the victims failed to admit

that they were guilty as charged.

The Inquisition in Spain perpetrated horrors on a more terrific scale than in other

countries. Activities in Spain were more atrocious and its hecatombs of victims more numerous

than elsewhere. The atrocities of the Spanish Inquisition cannot be disputed. Torquemada, the

most infamous of the Inquisitors for ferocity, had full papal authorization. He was commissioned

by Pope Sixtus IV in 1483. He was re-commissioned by Innocent VIII in 1485. So far were the

popes from seeking to hold back Torquemada’s inhuman cruelties that we find them praising him

and encouraging him. Pope Sixtus IV wrote to him praised his zeal, saying “We commend you

in the Lord and exhort you, cherished son, to persevere with tireless zeal in aiding and promoting

the cause of faith, by doing which, as we are assured you will, you will win our special favor.”

In Spain the burnings of believers was called “Autos-da-fé” there they had peculiar pomp and

festivity. As late as 1680 there was a stunning Auto-da-fé at Madrid at which one hundred

believers were burned. The historian Turberville quotes Voltaire’s comment; “that an Asiatic

arriving in Madrid on such an occasion would be doubtful whether he was witnessing a festival,

a religious ceremony, a sacrifice, or a massacre; it was in fact all of these.”7 The Judas Chair was

also a torture device used in the Spanish Inquisition.

The Actual Judas Chair and the Art work showing Chair as it was used

The Judas Chair, also known as the Judas Cradle, was a pyramid-shaped seat. The victim was placed on

top of it, with the point inserted into their orifices, then very slowly lowered by ropes.

The purpose was to Turberville,

The Spanish Inquisition, stretch the orifice over a long period of time in extreme pain in order that the victim would renounce his or her faith. Then bishops and priests of the Inquisition used a devise for breaking a believer’s faith as he was

tied to a wheel. Clubbing and mocking would accompany this torture.

An attempt to break a believer’s faith as he was tied to a wheel Then there was the commonly used torture technique called the “Strappado.’ All that was needed was a sturdy rafter and some rope. The victims wrists were bound behind their back and the rope tossed over the beam or on a pulley. The victim was  repeatedly dropped from a height so their arms and shoulders would dislocate. This and many more torture devices were use to get the believer to renounce his or her Christian faith, and then profess his or her faith in the Roman Church. We rejoice that the believers for the most part, remained true to the Lord. We realize that  Bible believers in those horrendous years were fortified by the power of

God through faith. They experienced what the Apostle Peter wrote that as believers we are “kept by the power of God through faith.” Consequently, kept by the power of God, their faith resounded at that time before the throne of God, and it still resounds on the pages of history for those who dare comprehend the true historical accounts. The torture chambers of the Inquisition lasted 605 years and were found throughout the nationscontrolled by Papal Rome. They had their beginning under Pope Innocent III in 1203 until the

Inquisition’s final dissolution in Spain and Portugal in 1808.

Twentieth Century Inquisition in Croatia

In 1929, Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty with Pope Pius XI officially conceding Vatican

Hill to the Pope. The Papacy once again became a sovereign civil state. The legal agreement

between Mussolini and the Vatican was just the beginning. Following this, the Papacy formed

alliances in the twentieth century with Roman Catholic dictators such as Adolph Hitler of

Germany, Francisco Franco of Spain, Antonio Salazar of Portugal, and Juan Peron of Argentina.

But the alliance that proved to be the most brutal and bloodthirsty of all was that between the

Papacy and Anton Pavelic in Croatia. It was agreed that Anton Pavelic8 was to be head of the

new nation state of Croatia, which was carved out of Yugoslavia during the Second World War.

During Pavelic’s four-year reign, he and Roman Catholic

Prelate, Archbishop Alois Stepinac, pursued a “convert or

die” policy among the 900,000 Greek Othodox Serbs,

Jews, and others in Croatia. 200,000 were converted; the

700,000 who chose to die were tortured, burned, buried

alive, or shot after digging their own graves. This

appalling persecution carried out by the Ustashis included

many of the worst atrocities of history. The mutilations

were horrific, the tortures vicious, and the savagery

terrible. The Catholic Church did not leave the execution

of a religious war to the secular arm. She was there herself, openly ignoring precautions and bolder than she had been for a very long time. Wielding the hatchet or dagger, pulling the trigger, organizing the massacre, the Roman  Anton Pavelic with Archbishop Stepina Catholic priests became their own instruments of the

Inquisition.Anton Pavelic with Franciscan Monks  Many of the Ustashi

officers were priests or friars sworn to fight “with

dagger or gun,” for the “triumph of Christ and Croatia.” Priests played a prominent role in the

closing or takeover of Serbian Orthodox Churches,

the seizure of church records and the interrogation of the Serbian Orthodox clergy. They

also supervised concentration camps and organized the torture of many of the victims.

Ante Pavelic b. July 14, 1889 – d. December 28, 1959

French author Edmond Paris, who was born a Roman Catholic and has written a very thorough

account of this terrible massacre in his book Convert or Die, has said,

“It is difficult for the world to believe that a whole people could be doomed to

extermination by a government and religious hierarchy of the twentieth century, just

because it happened to belong to another ethnical and racial group and had inherited the

Christianity of Byzantium rather than that of Rome.”

The creation of the entirely Roman Catholic, independent State of Croatia during the Second

World War was accompanied by a persecution so ferocious that it is difficult to find a parallel in

all of history. The Inquisition applied to the Serbian Orthodox by the Croatian Catholics

accounted for 700,000 Serbs being tortured and killed in just four years. So while the Inquisition

ended in the nineteenth century, the same procedures and mindset were evident in Croatia in the

twentieth century. In fact, the same mindset is still officially maintained by the Papacy in the

twenty-first century. The Roman Church to this day maintains the laws that she used as her

authority to torture and murder Bible believers for over 600 years. In her present-day laws she

states her right to coerce Christian people. Thus Canon law, Canon 1311, states,

“The [Catholic] Church has an innate and proper right to coerce offending members of

the Christian faithful by means of papal sanctions.”

The Catholic Church also holds to the fact that she can demand a submission of intellect and will

as she did in the years of the Inquisition. Consequently she states the following,

“A religious respect of intellect and will, even if not the assent of faith, is to be paid to

the teaching which the Supreme Pontiff or the college of bishops enunciate on faith and

morals.”

So to whatever the Supreme Pontiff or his college of bishops teach on faith and morals, a person

must submit their intellect and will. This is the same teaching that was upheld with the terrors of

the Inquisition for 600 years. While there are no sanctions in torture and death at the present

time, the same astonishing mindset is Roman Catholic law. The fact is that the Papacy still

claims the right to judge and impose chastening that has not changed since the days of the

Inquisition. In present-day Canon Law she also decrees,

Canon 1405 (Sect.1) “It is the right of the Roman Pontiff himself alone to judge in cases

mentioned in can. 1401: 1. those who hold the highest civil office in a state;…

Canon 1401 “By proper and exclusive right the Church adjudicates: 1. cases concerning

spiritual matters or connected with the spiritual; 2. the violation of ecclesiastical laws and all

those cases in which there is a question of sin in respect to the determination of culpability

and the imposition of ecclesiastical penalties.”

The Holy Spirit’s admonition to believers is to be remembered as these decrees are certified into

law, “Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not

entangled again with the yoke of bondage.”

In past times, kings and princes and nations were supposed to tremble at her decrees.

Woe to him who resisted! Subjects were released from their oaths of allegiance; whole states

were placed under interdict. By deception regarding the Gospel and, subsequently, by force the

Papacy has held her domain together. She has only external unity, as any one who has lived

within her system and studied her decrees and history knows. It is of signal importance to realize

that the Roman Catholic Church has no other way to maintain her life than by imposition of her

external laws, because she lacks the life giving power of the Holy Spirit and unity of the One

9 Galatians 5:1.

Body of the Lord Jesus Christ. She must legislate to exist, and she needs civil powers to enforce

her decrees. It is crucial to understand that suppression and control are her main stratagems,

although at the time such are not apparent. If control by her is to be avoided, her paradigm must

be understood.

The Lord’s Final Victory

Papal Rome has asked pardon for the wrongs of the Inquisition. During a Mass on March 12,

2000, Pope John Paul II asked pardon for wrongs committed in the past by members of the

church. It was not individual members of the church, but as Lord Acton observed, it was “the

Popes in particular that caused and instigated the sufferings and persecutions, involving

themselves in detail even in the minute ways that believers were to be tortured.”

We have seen how the institutionalized Papacy and the powers of darkness have conspired

against Christ’s kingdom and His people. It is most important to know what the Lord’s anointed

has to say about His kingdom and to know that all the powers on earth cannot challenge Him.

As Psalm 2 reminds us, the Messiah reigns and His Throne is not moved, nor has His plans

changed, whatever may be the turmoil and schemes against Him. While the enemies of the

Gospel are plotting and planning how to break His bands asunder and cast His cords from them,

He has already defeated their devices and He says to them, “yet have I set my king upon my holy

hill of Zion.”10 All events are in His hands. Who can stand against the Almighty?

Things are not as they seem. It looks as if the powers that designed and implemented the

Inquisition still govern the hearts of much of mankind at the present time. The Lord God’s fixed

decrees remain and all the schemes of hell cannot efface a single part of His purpose. He reigns

by inheritance, “Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.”11 The Lord God owns Him, and

declares Him Lord and Head of the Church. The supreme government of the Church is His

responsibility and He will bring it to complete success including the punishment of His enemies.

It necessarily follows that though Papal Rome has been a rebel against the government of Christ

Jesus, the Lord God has nonetheless fulfilled His purpose through all the terrible evil that has

taken place. The truth is that through all the dreadful deeds of Papal Rome, the Sovereign Lord

Jesus Christ was entirely with His people, and He was in control of all events so that the faith

and witness of millions shone forth both in this world and before the throne of God; and will

shine forth throughout all the ages of the world to come.

From the beginning the Lord God purposed to glorify Himself “in the Church by Christ Jesus,

throughout all ages, world without end.”12 He has glorified Himself in the faith and suffering of

true believers throughout the 605 years of the Inquisition, as His Word proclaims, “the Lord

reigneth; let the people tremble.”13

The voice of the Lord thunders from the final chapters of the Bible and reverberates throughout

the world, “Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive

not of her plagues.”14 While the Papacy from the city of Rome continues to wax strong her final

condemnation is already written, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made

all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.”15 The Lord God’s reserved wrath,

His punishing justice, and His enmity to sin, will be revealed to the entire world. The destruction

of Papal Rome will proceed from the glory of His power. “The same shall drink of the wine of

the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation.”16 The

certainty of the final triumph should animate us in our efforts, and true believers in their

struggles.

The frequently quoted maxim that “peoples ignorant of history are destined to repeat it” is true.

Without the knowledge of the systematic murder of believers during the Inquisition, we can fail

to see that the true Gospel is a matter of life. True believers are in real danger of compromise

with the Church of Rome. As the Apostle Paul told believers, “All who live godly in Christ Jesus

will suffer persecution.”17 The victory of the faith and courage of believers over the severest

trials is repeatedly recorded in the pages of history. As the Lord Himself proclaimed, “Be not

afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. Also I say unto

you, whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the

angels of God.”18 Where there is true faith and love of the Lord, there is in the midst of all

afflictions a joy unspeakable and full of glory. God is the only Holy Father, the All Holy One.

His holiness is the distinguishing factor in all His essential characteristics. This is the reason

why we need to be in right standing before the one and only All Holy God on the terms He

prescribes. Turn to God in faith alone, in Christ alone, for the salvation that He alone gives, by

the conviction of the Holy Spirit, based on Christ’s death and resurrection for His own, and

believe on Him alone, “to the praise of the glory of his grace.”

Source : http://www.bereanbeacon.org/SMBe.pdf

Rupert Murdoch

(Chairman & Chief Executive Officer of News Corporation) Papal Knight of St. Gregory. Rupert was born Roman Catholic (Rupert’s geneology). His mother’s maiden name was “Greene”  In 1998 Rupert was made a Knight of the Order of St. Gregory the great. Another Knight of the Order of St Gregory the Great was John J Raskob who was married to another “Greene” (Helena).

Systematic murder of believers the untold history of the inquisition by Richard Bennett

Listen to this article. Powered by Odiogo.com Systematic Murder of Believers

The Untold History of the Inquisition

By Richard Bennett

Most people at the present time have some knowledge of the Holocaust, the six years of

unspeakable horror and suffering to which the Jewish people were subjected under Hitler and the

Nazis during the Second World War. Few, however, are aware of the atrocities of systematized

torture and murder of Bible-believing Christians and Jews that took place during the 605 years of

the Inquisition.1

From the beginning of the Papacy to the present time, it is estimated by reputable and

trustworthy historians that tens of millions of people have been tortured and killed by Papal

persecutors for the crime of believing God’s word in the Bible, rather than the dogmas of the

Roman Catholic Church. While the majority of those who suffered were true believers, Papal

Rome also persecuted Jews, Muslims, Knights Templar, and those that she called “witches.

Through the Inquisition was demonstrated the grace and divine power that the Lord gave

to His people to survive those horrific years with their faith strengthened. Also shown was the

inner heart of ritualistic Catholicism and the lengths to which it will go to enforce its will. It is

truly a warning for succeeding generations.

In 1203, Pope Innocent III published a decree in France that

began the extermination of what the Pope called heresy. This

marked the start of the Inquisition as a distinctive Papal

institution. It was to endure until its final dissolution in Spain

and Portugal in 1808. Pope Innocent III began by

commanding armies of the Crusade to attack the Albigenses

in France. They were called Albigenses because many of

them resided in the city of Albi in southern France. They had

developed a committed Christian life, real estate, progressive

cities, and townships right across southern France. These

Christians were horrifically destroyed and butchered by the

armies of Papal Rome in their many cities, towns, and villages

across southern France. The Albigenses came from a group

that was originally known as the Paulicians, who took their

teaching from the Apostle Paul. Even their name, ‘Albigenses,’ has been deeply tarnished by

Roman Catholic sources. Not only were they slaughtered, but their memory has been practically

obliterated from the pages of history. However, from their fruits as Christians, we truly see the

character of these men and women who traced their faith back to the writings of Paul the Apostle

in the New Testament.

From the thirteenth century onwards, the machinery of the Papal Inquisition’s terrorism

was created. The Popes compelled secular authorities to co-operate under threat of drastic

penalties. Kings and princes who disobeyed the Popes’ orders were to be excommunicated and

1 The main historians that wrote on the Inquisition are Dowling, Lea, Vancandard, Maycock,

Coulton, Turberville and Scott

2

their subjects released from loyalty to them. In 1252, Pope Innocent IV devised in detail for the

many Inquisitors how torture was to be carried out. He did this in his decree called, At

Extirpanda. Confirmatory or regulatory decrees were later issued by Popes Alexander IV,

Clement IV, Urban IV, and Clement V. Torture was prescribed, but it was to stop short of

pulling off limbs or causing death. Disastrous punishments were enacted on all who protected or

gave help to believers. Those who applied the instruments of torture during the Inquisition were

following orders. The Popes themselves were wholly responsible for the instruments and how

they were used.

Then, in 1487, Pope Innocent VIII planned and ordered the persecution of the Vaudois

believers who had remained faithful to biblical faith since apostolic times.

Charles VIII of France agreed to raise an army for the destruction of the Vaudois.The Pope promised forgiveness of sins and a share in the goods to those who participated. The army was joined by thousands of gangsters urged on by the promise of forgiveness of sins and the

expectation of obtaining spoil from the Vaudois possessions. This army attacked the Vaudois mountain valleys in northern Italy. Thousands of Bible-believing Christians perished along with their homes while their crops were destroyed.Entire villages were demolished. Their women were raped and then viciously

murdered.True Believers: the Vaudois in Piedmont Valley For the most part, there is agreement among scholars about the history of the Inquisition.Lea’s great works, the History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages and the History of the Inquisition of Spain, embodied immense and careful research. There is little difference about facts in the writings of Dowling, Vancandard, Maycock, Coulton, and Turberville. The methods of the Inquisition were an outrage to elementary principles of justice. Anyone could be arrested

on suspicion. The trials were secret. The prisoner was not allowed to know the accusers or witnesses. The Bishops and priests who acted as judges had absolute power. The evidence of infamous persons, criminals, or perjurers was admitted so long as it was hostile. Children older than twelve were required to bear testimony. The prisoner was disallowed the help of an advocate, for anyone defending a prisoner was held guilty of the crime of heresy. A person tried by the Inquisition was scarcely ever acquitted. “In the register of Carcassonne from 1249 to 1258, comprising about two hundred cases, there is not a single case in which a prisoner was

discharged as innocent.” Tanon, a French investigator, wrote, “There is scarcely ever an acquittal, pure and simple, in the sentence of the Inquisition.”2 There were many accounts of burning at the stake across Europe. The ferocious Inquisitor, Robert le Bugre, who considered his mission was “not to convert but to burn,”

devastated much of France. In one period of about three months he is said to have thus

dispatched about fifty prisoners of either sex, and the whole number of his victims during the

several years of his unchecked career was very large.3 The notorious Conrad of Marburg caused a general panic in Germany where he was appointed Inquisitor by Pope Gregory IX. In 1520, Pope Leo X in his famous decree, Exsurge Domine, denounced the teachings of Luther with the following words, “That heretics should be burned is contrary to the will of the Spirit. The Roman Catholic scholar Lord Acton wrote,

“Rome taught for four centuries that no Catholic could be saved who denied that heretics ought

to be put to death.”

The prisons of the Inquisition were some of the most common and atrocious places. The Inquisitors could leave people in their prisons indefinitely, without trial. The Inquisitor Eymeric, in his

records called Directorium, stated that a person believed guilty “shall be shut up in prison, strictly confined and in chains. If he shows no willingness to be converted there is no need for haste for the pains and privations of imprisonment often bring about a change of mind.”5 To quote Lea, “The dungeons of the

Inquisition were abodes of fearful misery, but where there were reasons for increasing their terrors there was no difficulty in increasing the hardships. The chains and starvation in a stifling

hole was a favorite device for extracting confession from unwilling lips.”

Historians give us some detailed information about some of the prisons of the Inquisition. Even some Catholic priests complained about the prison conditions in some towns in the south of France. Historians tell that the cells were fitted up with a variety of

instruments to cause severe suffering. Many prisoners, through the severity of their torments,

lost the use of their limbs and were rendered utterly helpless.

The burning at the stake was the standard way that the Papacy disposed of believers.

This was usually done with dramatic pomp and festivity before the massive gatherings of people.

It was as if the Roman Church believed that both their bodies and beliefs would disappear into

cinders. In England, Mary Tudor, known as “Bloody Mary,” a fervent Catholic beholden to the

Pope, employed the Inquisition to burn no fewer than 288 Bible-believing martyrs. Most of

them died because they denied the Catholic dogma that Jesus Christ is really present, flesh and

blood, body and soul, divinity and humanity in the communion bread. The burning back to back

of Bishops Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley at the stake outside Balliol College Oxford, in

1555, is known to many people. So also are Latimer’s stirring last words an inspiration to

Christians over the centuries, “Be of good comfort, Master Ridley, and play the man; we shall

this day, by God’s grace, light such a candle in England as I trust shall never be put out.”

3Lea, History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages, Vol. 11, p. 116

4 Lord Acton Correspondence, Vol. 1, p. 108

5Maycock, The Inquisition, p. 157

6Lea, History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages, Vol. 1, p. 420

4

The Instruments of Torture

“The Rack” is one of the best known forms of medieval torture. This mechanism operated by

having the victim lie on a horizontal rack with his hands and ankles tied to rollers on opposite

ends.

The Inquisitors would perform the

interrogation while turning the rollers,

stretching the body of the suspect and

causing colossal pain.

They would stretch the body out until the joints were actually yanked from their sockets. The

ultimate intent was that of killing the victim either through shock or injuries. If the believer were

still alive, yet refused to submit, he or she was sent to be burned at the stake.

Besides the Rack, there was the torture of pulling the believer towards the ceiling with

ropes, and then with a weight on his or her feet, dropping him or her to the floor so that

excruciating pain ripped through the body.

The Inquisitors also used “Skull Crusher.” They ordered the believer’s chin to be

placed on a lower bar and a screw then forced an iron cap down on his or her head.

Their teeth could be crushed. Their eyes could be squeezed from their sockets.

It was hoped that the believer was so overcome by the extreme pain of having his

head crushed would confess his alleged errors and believe in the Holy Mother

Church.

The Inquisitors also used the “Iron Maiden.” It was a tomb-sized container

with folding doors. The spiked studded arms wrapped around the victim in such a way so as to

puncture parts of the entire body, including the ears and eyes.

The purpose of the use of Iron Maiden was to inflict pain by means of

vicious spikes and a slow death. The prickles inside were designed so that

the trapped believer was left to slowly die in the utmost pain.

A prisoner would be bidden to stand right in front of Iron Maiden prior to

torture. The spring would be touched by the executioner and the Iron

Maiden would fling open her arms, and the wretched victim would

straightway be forced within them. Another spring was then touched and the Iron Maiden closed upon her victim. Then spiky arms of the Iron Maiden slowly but irresistibly closed upon the man, cruelly goring him.

The talons Iron Maiden, sometimes called the “Iron Virgin,” were not designed to kill outright. They trapped the prisoner who was left  to slowly perish in the utmost pain. Beside these instruments of torture there were others for the tearing and ripping of one’s flesh.

The Catholic Church learned a human being could live

until the skin was peeled down to the waist. Often the

torturers heated these instruments and then used them on

women’s breasts and the genital organs of both sexes.

There were also instruments for compressing the fingers until the bones would be squeezed into

splinters. There were instruments for probing below the fingernails until pain like burning fire

would run along the nerves.

There were instruments for tearing out the tongue, for scooping out the eyes, and for rooting out the ears. There wasa bunch of iron cords with a spiked circle at the end of every whip for tearing the flesh from the back until bone and sinew were laid bare.

There were also iron cases for the legs, which were tightened upon the limb placed in them by means of a screw, till flesh and bone were reduced to a pulp.

The thumbscrews were also applied to crush prisoners’ toes, while larger, heavier devices based on the same design principle were applied to destroy knees and elbows.

The Chair of Nails Torture

The chair nails, used by Inquisitors, was studded with spikes. The victim was strapped naked in the chair and a fire was lit beneath it. Heavy

objects were placed upon the victim to increase the pain of the spikes.

Blows with mallets were also used to inflict more pain.

There were also devices to slowly and painfully remove the intestines and

other organs from the body while keeping the person alive and conscious

of the pain. Anyone of those horrors could be inflicted on anybody, i.e.,

man, woman, or child over the age of 12 that did not agree with the

teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. The Inquisition was carried out in France, Holland, Germany, Spain, and Italy.

The Stocks Torture

The victims often had their feet placed in stocks. The

stocks comprised two pieces of timber clamped together,

over and under, across each leg above the ankles. The

soles of the victim’s feet were greased with lard and a

blazing brazier was applied to them. Their feet were first

blistered and then fried. At intervals, a plank was

interposed between the fire and their feet. This plank was

to be immediately removed if the victims failed to admit

that they were guilty as charged.

The Inquisition in Spain perpetrated horrors on a more terrific scale than in other

countries. Activities in Spain were more atrocious and its hecatombs of victims more numerous

than elsewhere. The atrocities of the Spanish Inquisition cannot be disputed. Torquemada, the

most infamous of the Inquisitors for ferocity, had full papal authorization. He was commissioned

by Pope Sixtus IV in 1483. He was re-commissioned by Innocent VIII in 1485. So far were the

popes from seeking to hold back Torquemada’s inhuman cruelties that we find them praising him

and encouraging him. Pope Sixtus IV wrote to him praised his zeal, saying “We commend you

in the Lord and exhort you, cherished son, to persevere with tireless zeal in aiding and promoting

the cause of faith, by doing which, as we are assured you will, you will win our special favor.”

In Spain the burnings of believers was called “Autos-da-fé” there they had peculiar pomp and

festivity. As late as 1680 there was a stunning Auto-da-fé at Madrid at which one hundred

believers were burned. The historian Turberville quotes Voltaire’s comment; “that an Asiatic

arriving in Madrid on such an occasion would be doubtful whether he was witnessing a festival,

a religious ceremony, a sacrifice, or a massacre; it was in fact all of these.”7 The Judas Chair was

also a torture device used in the Spanish Inquisition.

The Actual Judas Chair and the Art work showing Chair as it was used

The Judas Chair, also known as the Judas Cradle, was a pyramid-shaped seat. The victim was placed on

top of it, with the point inserted into their orifices, then very slowly lowered by ropes.

The purpose was to Turberville,

The Spanish Inquisition, stretch the orifice over a long period of time in extreme pain in order that the victim would renounce his or her faith. Then bishops and priests of the Inquisition used a devise for breaking a believer’s faith as he was

tied to a wheel. Clubbing and mocking would accompany this torture.

An attempt to break a believer’s faith as he was tied to a wheel Then there was the commonly used torture technique called the “Strappado.’ All that was needed was a sturdy rafter and some rope. The victims wrists were bound behind their back and the rope tossed over the beam or on a pulley. The victim was  repeatedly dropped from a height so their arms and shoulders would dislocate. This and many more torture devices were use to get the believer to renounce his or her Christian faith, and then profess his or her faith in the Roman Church. We rejoice that the believers for the most part, remained true to the Lord. We realize that  Bible believers in those horrendous years were fortified by the power of

God through faith. They experienced what the Apostle Peter wrote that as believers we are “kept by the power of God through faith.” Consequently, kept by the power of God, their faith resounded at that time before the throne of God, and it still resounds on the pages of history for those who dare comprehend the true historical accounts. The torture chambers of the Inquisition lasted 605 years and were found throughout the nationscontrolled by Papal Rome. They had their beginning under Pope Innocent III in 1203 until the

Inquisition’s final dissolution in Spain and Portugal in 1808.

Twentieth Century Inquisition in Croatia

In 1929, Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty with Pope Pius XI officially conceding Vatican

Hill to the Pope. The Papacy once again became a sovereign civil state. The legal agreement

between Mussolini and the Vatican was just the beginning. Following this, the Papacy formed

alliances in the twentieth century with Roman Catholic dictators such as Adolph Hitler of

Germany, Francisco Franco of Spain, Antonio Salazar of Portugal, and Juan Peron of Argentina.

But the alliance that proved to be the most brutal and bloodthirsty of all was that between the

Papacy and Anton Pavelic in Croatia. It was agreed that Anton Pavelic8 was to be head of the

new nation state of Croatia, which was carved out of Yugoslavia during the Second World War.

During Pavelic’s four-year reign, he and Roman Catholic

Prelate, Archbishop Alois Stepinac, pursued a “convert or

die” policy among the 900,000 Greek Othodox Serbs,

Jews, and others in Croatia. 200,000 were converted; the

700,000 who chose to die were tortured, burned, buried

alive, or shot after digging their own graves. This

appalling persecution carried out by the Ustashis included

many of the worst atrocities of history. The mutilations

were horrific, the tortures vicious, and the savagery

terrible. The Catholic Church did not leave the execution

of a religious war to the secular arm. She was there herself, openly ignoring precautions and bolder than she had been for a very long time. Wielding the hatchet or dagger, pulling the trigger, organizing the massacre, the Roman  Anton Pavelic with Archbishop Stepina Catholic priests became their own instruments of the

Inquisition.Anton Pavelic with Franciscan Monks  Many of the Ustashi

officers were priests or friars sworn to fight “with

dagger or gun,” for the “triumph of Christ and Croatia.” Priests played a prominent role in the

closing or takeover of Serbian Orthodox Churches,

the seizure of church records and the interrogation of the Serbian Orthodox clergy. They

also supervised concentration camps and organized the torture of many of the victims.

Ante Pavelic b. July 14, 1889 – d. December 28, 1959

French author Edmond Paris, who was born a Roman Catholic and has written a very thorough

account of this terrible massacre in his book Convert or Die, has said,

“It is difficult for the world to believe that a whole people could be doomed to

extermination by a government and religious hierarchy of the twentieth century, just

because it happened to belong to another ethnical and racial group and had inherited the

Christianity of Byzantium rather than that of Rome.”

The creation of the entirely Roman Catholic, independent State of Croatia during the Second

World War was accompanied by a persecution so ferocious that it is difficult to find a parallel in

all of history. The Inquisition applied to the Serbian Orthodox by the Croatian Catholics

accounted for 700,000 Serbs being tortured and killed in just four years. So while the Inquisition

ended in the nineteenth century, the same procedures and mindset were evident in Croatia in the

twentieth century. In fact, the same mindset is still officially maintained by the Papacy in the

twenty-first century. The Roman Church to this day maintains the laws that she used as her

authority to torture and murder Bible believers for over 600 years. In her present-day laws she

states her right to coerce Christian people. Thus Canon law, Canon 1311, states,

“The [Catholic] Church has an innate and proper right to coerce offending members of

the Christian faithful by means of papal sanctions.”

The Catholic Church also holds to the fact that she can demand a submission of intellect and will

as she did in the years of the Inquisition. Consequently she states the following,

“A religious respect of intellect and will, even if not the assent of faith, is to be paid to

the teaching which the Supreme Pontiff or the college of bishops enunciate on faith and

morals.”

So to whatever the Supreme Pontiff or his college of bishops teach on faith and morals, a person

must submit their intellect and will. This is the same teaching that was upheld with the terrors of

the Inquisition for 600 years. While there are no sanctions in torture and death at the present

time, the same astonishing mindset is Roman Catholic law. The fact is that the Papacy still

claims the right to judge and impose chastening that has not changed since the days of the

Inquisition. In present-day Canon Law she also decrees,

Canon 1405 (Sect.1) “It is the right of the Roman Pontiff himself alone to judge in cases

mentioned in can. 1401: 1. those who hold the highest civil office in a state;…

Canon 1401 “By proper and exclusive right the Church adjudicates: 1. cases concerning

spiritual matters or connected with the spiritual; 2. the violation of ecclesiastical laws and all

those cases in which there is a question of sin in respect to the determination of culpability

and the imposition of ecclesiastical penalties.”

The Holy Spirit’s admonition to believers is to be remembered as these decrees are certified into

law, “Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not

entangled again with the yoke of bondage.”

In past times, kings and princes and nations were supposed to tremble at her decrees.

Woe to him who resisted! Subjects were released from their oaths of allegiance; whole states

were placed under interdict. By deception regarding the Gospel and, subsequently, by force the

Papacy has held her domain together. She has only external unity, as any one who has lived

within her system and studied her decrees and history knows. It is of signal importance to realize

that the Roman Catholic Church has no other way to maintain her life than by imposition of her

external laws, because she lacks the life giving power of the Holy Spirit and unity of the One

9 Galatians 5:1.

Body of the Lord Jesus Christ. She must legislate to exist, and she needs civil powers to enforce

her decrees. It is crucial to understand that suppression and control are her main stratagems,

although at the time such are not apparent. If control by her is to be avoided, her paradigm must

be understood.

The Lord’s Final Victory

Papal Rome has asked pardon for the wrongs of the Inquisition. During a Mass on March 12,

2000, Pope John Paul II asked pardon for wrongs committed in the past by members of the

church. It was not individual members of the church, but as Lord Acton observed, it was “the

Popes in particular that caused and instigated the sufferings and persecutions, involving

themselves in detail even in the minute ways that believers were to be tortured.”

We have seen how the institutionalized Papacy and the powers of darkness have conspired

against Christ’s kingdom and His people. It is most important to know what the Lord’s anointed

has to say about His kingdom and to know that all the powers on earth cannot challenge Him.

As Psalm 2 reminds us, the Messiah reigns and His Throne is not moved, nor has His plans

changed, whatever may be the turmoil and schemes against Him. While the enemies of the

Gospel are plotting and planning how to break His bands asunder and cast His cords from them,

He has already defeated their devices and He says to them, “yet have I set my king upon my holy

hill of Zion.”10 All events are in His hands. Who can stand against the Almighty?

Things are not as they seem. It looks as if the powers that designed and implemented the

Inquisition still govern the hearts of much of mankind at the present time. The Lord God’s fixed

decrees remain and all the schemes of hell cannot efface a single part of His purpose. He reigns

by inheritance, “Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.”11 The Lord God owns Him, and

declares Him Lord and Head of the Church. The supreme government of the Church is His

responsibility and He will bring it to complete success including the punishment of His enemies.

It necessarily follows that though Papal Rome has been a rebel against the government of Christ

Jesus, the Lord God has nonetheless fulfilled His purpose through all the terrible evil that has

taken place. The truth is that through all the dreadful deeds of Papal Rome, the Sovereign Lord

Jesus Christ was entirely with His people, and He was in control of all events so that the faith

and witness of millions shone forth both in this world and before the throne of God; and will

shine forth throughout all the ages of the world to come.

From the beginning the Lord God purposed to glorify Himself “in the Church by Christ Jesus,

throughout all ages, world without end.”12 He has glorified Himself in the faith and suffering of

true believers throughout the 605 years of the Inquisition, as His Word proclaims, “the Lord

reigneth; let the people tremble.”13

The voice of the Lord thunders from the final chapters of the Bible and reverberates throughout

the world, “Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive

not of her plagues.”14 While the Papacy from the city of Rome continues to wax strong her final

condemnation is already written, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made

all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.”15 The Lord God’s reserved wrath,

His punishing justice, and His enmity to sin, will be revealed to the entire world. The destruction

of Papal Rome will proceed from the glory of His power. “The same shall drink of the wine of

the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation.”16 The

certainty of the final triumph should animate us in our efforts, and true believers in their

struggles.

The frequently quoted maxim that “peoples ignorant of history are destined to repeat it” is true.

Without the knowledge of the systematic murder of believers during the Inquisition, we can fail

to see that the true Gospel is a matter of life. True believers are in real danger of compromise

with the Church of Rome. As the Apostle Paul told believers, “All who live godly in Christ Jesus

will suffer persecution.”17 The victory of the faith and courage of believers over the severest

trials is repeatedly recorded in the pages of history. As the Lord Himself proclaimed, “Be not

afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. Also I say unto

you, whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the

angels of God.”18 Where there is true faith and love of the Lord, there is in the midst of all

afflictions a joy unspeakable and full of glory. God is the only Holy Father, the All Holy One.

His holiness is the distinguishing factor in all His essential characteristics. This is the reason

why we need to be in right standing before the one and only All Holy God on the terms He

prescribes. Turn to God in faith alone, in Christ alone, for the salvation that He alone gives, by

the conviction of the Holy Spirit, based on Christ’s death and resurrection for His own, and

believe on Him alone, “to the praise of the glory of his grace.”

Source : http://www.bereanbeacon.org/SMBe.pdf

London Olympic 2012 – Its All About Zion – Dawn of NWO – History of House of Rothschild

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The Grand Finally of the London Masonic Olympic 2012 Feature Baphomet (Dark Knight) on Front side and Phoenix on backside Descending upon the crowd


The back of the Phoenix is Baphomet (Dark Knight)

The Phoenix Firebird

The Phoenix in Masonry

lluminati 2012 Olympic stadium set up Shows Mark of the beast …

youtube.ng/watch?v=pJMICW0TCJ8

Illuminati 2012 Olympic stadium set up Shows Mark of the beast and Rise of the New World Order. (Dark Knight)

Zion symbolizes Rothschild´s NWO . Now they are using the olympic games to proclaim openly that “Zion”, the Illuminati, are the lords of the nations of the world .

2012 Olympic mascot reigns in New World Order

So it begins. The opening “ceremony” of the 2012 Olympics is upon us. A mass Illuminati ritual – encoded in the language of symbolism – masquerading as a sporting event. Billions of people will give their focus, and thus their energy, to this ritual, which involves the replication of sacred earth sites such as Glastonbury Tor, and a 23 ton bell – the largest of its kind – that will signal the end of the old world and the arrival of the New World Order.

The Olympic rings were designed by a Freemason – even the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Pierre Coubertin – to symbolize the five continents. However, in the logo of the London Olympics in 2012 and its 2 Mascots there are striking peculiarities. The mascots have one eye – like on the Illuminati pyramid.

The parts of the logo are not only the number 2012: There is a small element that can only be the dot of an “i”. If turned the logo shows the word “Zion,” which is also seen in the symbol of the 2008 Games in Beijing. The Olympic flame symbolizes Masonic Prometheus, who stole fire from the gods to bring it to mankind “for mighty purposes” – as written at the Rockefeller Center. The torch symbolizes the Illuminati . According to its founder, Adam Weishaupt, they are “Lucifer´s light holders“.
Not so strange. Weishaupt´s master was Mayer Amschel Rothschild of Frankfurt. The sponsorship of the OL-Games in Londen is in the hands of Jacob Rothschild’s National Lottery.

Zionism and Israel were founded by Theodor Herzl, and Edmond James de Rothschild financed it. In the Old Testament, Zion is the capital of the world . Queen Elizabeth belong to the Zionist Merovingian House of Winsor The Olympics is a salute to her and the Illuminati. Zion is Jerusalem. Today, the building of the Supreme Court is a Rothschild-Illuminati temple with many Illuminati symbols. Zion symbolizes Rothschild´s NWO .

World Leader Outraged By Romney’s ‘Racist Statement’

Romney faces Palestinian criticism for Jerusalem remarks as he (what Romney is saying “We must keep Apartheid Alive”)…

http://www.washingtonpost.com/…/romneyjerusalem…/gJQAr5FSKX_sto…

3 hours ago – Romneyangered Palestinian leaders when he suggested that the Israeli economy had outpaced the economy of the Palestinian territories. ( the table of the Jewish master has more much more food on it than the tables of the Palestinian servants)

The Rise of the Fourth Reich … but the evil actually done by the Third Reich … The Middle East – Secret Societies – Illuminati


The Roman Goddess Aurora – Dawn
The Rise of the Dark Knight – The Fourth Reich
The Rothschild’s financed Hitler’s 1936 Olympics and Third Reich

The Illuminati. Exclusive Interview with an Ex-Illuminati Programmer/Trainer. Part 8 – The Fourth Reichhttp://www.centrexnews.com/columnists/svali/2001/01/svali08 ..

Bloodlines of the Illuminati 11. Rothschild In the last article we discussed the … The rise of the fourth Reich

The 4 th Reich being the new version of the 3rd Reich of Nazi Germany. This Awareness … The United Nations which is a Rothschild organization, which is an international .

Click here for Rise of the 4th Reich – Part 1 or Rise of the 4th … Whether or not the infamous Illuminati still exists … Oil, along with Britain’s Lord Victor Rothschild
Go to fullsize image
Go to fullsize imageGo to fullsize imageGo to fullsize imageAmschel_Mayer_R…
Go to fullsize imageSalomon_Rothschild – Go to fullsize imageCarl_Mayer_Rothschild

Go to fullsize imageWas Hitler’s Grandfather Solamon Rothschild?

Is Edmond Rothschild (father of Israel)Hitler’s First Cousin?

Hitler Jewish African

Hitler Jewish – DNA Tests Show Dictator ‘Had Jewish Roots

The France Connection
Was Hitler a Rothschild? Who was giving Hilter his orders?

Hitler’s ethnicity was Jewish but he was raised Roman Catholic. It has always been the quest of the Catholic Church to reclaim Jerusalam

“Hitler would not have been happy,” said Professor Ronny Decorte in a Google translationof theKnack‘s web-version of the story. Decorte, a genetics expert from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (a Flemish research university), says that Hitler apparently wasn’t “Aryan” — what the Nazi would have considered “pure.

The story of Adolf Hitler could be the most twisted in all of history. Add one more twist.

Responsible for the slaughter of millions of Jews and a hero only to self-avowed racists, DNA tests apparently show that the Nazi dictator may have had Jewish and African ancestry.

Several media outlets have reported on results published last week in Knack, a magazine in Belgium.

The British newspaper The Daily Telegraph says that saliva samples were collected from 39 Hitler relatives:

A chromosome called Haplogroup E1b1b1 which showed up in their samples is rare in Western Europe and is most commonly found in the Berbers of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, as well as among Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews …

Haplogroup E1b1b1, which accounts for approximately 18 to 20 per cent of Ashkenazi and 8.6 per cent to 30 per cent of Sephardic Y-chromosomes, appears to be one of the major founding lineages of the Jewish population.

Hitler’s preoccupation with ancestry — including his own — has caused speculation for many years.New York Daily News points out that this research could validate a historic myth:

Hitler’s heritage has been called into question before, with some suggesting his grandfather wasSalomonMayer von Rothschildfounder of the Jewish international banking dynasty. The Rothschild family financially backed Hitler’s

Hitler’s Third Reich.. Hitler aunt Betty, the sister to Alois, father of Adolph was married to James Mayer de Rothschild and their son Edmond James Rothschild, the Father of Israel was Hitler’s first cousin.
But this is the first claim with any scientific data to support it.

Similar reports have been made against Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who has repeatedly denied the Holocaust and said the WWII was a pretext for the Zionist to getPalestineand make it a new Ashkenazi homeland.

An Austrian document was prepared that proved Maria Anna Schicklgruber was living in Vienna at the time she conceived. At that time she was employed as a servant in the home of Baron Rothschild. As soon as the family discovered her pregnancy she was sent back home… where Alois was born.”

Langer’s information came from the high level Gestapo officer, Hansjurgen Koehler, published in 1940, under the title “Inside the Gestapo”. He writes about the investigations into Hitler’s background carried out by the Austrian Chancellor, Dolfuss, in the family files of Hitler.

The Rothschilds and the Illuminati produce many offspring out of wedlock in their secret breeding programs and these children are brought up under other names with other parents.

Like Bill Clinton, who is almost certainly the son of Winthrop Rockefeller produced in the same way, these “ordinary kids from ordinary backgrounds” go on to be extraordinarily successful in their chosen field. Hitler, too, would have produced unofficial children to maintain his strand of the bloodline and there will obviously be people of his bloodline alive today.

So which Rothschild was the grandfather of Hitler? My thanks to a website correspondent for the additional, updated, information to this article, a man has researched this story in some detail. Alois, Hitler’s father, was born in 1837 in the period when Salomon Mayer was the only Rothschild who lived at the Vienna mansion. Even his wife did not live there because their marriage was so bad that she stayed in Frankfurt. Their son, Anselm Salomon spent most of his working life in Paris and Frankfurt away from Vienna and his father.

Father Salomon Mayer, living alone at the Vienna mansion where Hitler’s grandmother worked, is the prime, most obvious candidate. And Hermann von Goldschmidt, the son of Salomon Mayer’s senior clerk, wrote a book, published in 1917, which said of Salomon:

“…by the 1840s he had developed a somewhat reckless enthusiasm for young girls..” and

“He had a lecherous passion for very young girls, his adventures with whom had to be hushed up by the police.”

And Hitler’s grandmother, a young girl working under the same roof would not have been the subject of Salomon’s desire?

And this same girl became pregnant while working there? And her grandson becomes the Chancellor of Germany, funded by the Rothschilds, and he started the Second World War which was so vital to the Rothschild-Illuminati agenda? And the Illuminati are obsessed with putting their bloodlines into power on all “sides” in a conflict?

‘Mein Kampf written by Jesuit Father Staempfle

The Fuhrer had come to power, thanks to the votes of the Catholic Zentrum, only five years before, but most of the objectives cynically revealed in ‘Mein Kampf were already realized; this book, an insolent challenge to the western democracies, was written by the Jesuit Father Staempfle and signed by Hitler. For—as so many ignore the fact—it was the Society of Jesus which perfected the famous Pan-German programme as laid out in this book, and the Fuhrer endorsed it. The Secret History of the Jesu

German Elite in Vatican

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(Click Book to Read Online)

Pope Benedict XVI
Current Pope when he was in Hitler Youth

His father, Joseph Ratzinger, Sr., was an Ordnungspolizei. The Ordnungspolizei (OrPo) was the name for the uniformed regular German police force that existed in Nazi Germany between the years of 1936 and 1945. After their green uniforms, they were also referred to as Grüne Polizei (green police).

The Rothschild Dynasty is Jesuit – The Rothschilds areJesuits

Discussion about The Rothschild Dynasty is Jesuit – The … Spanish Empire.” SalvadordeMadariaga, Spanish Statesman: „The Jesuits … as the Order would do with Hitler
Guy de Rothschild was his pen pal eight years … if Pacelli was Hitler’s Pope, and Hitlerwas aRothschild … Former Jesuit Grandmaster and Knights of Malta
Guy de Rothschild, of the French House, heads this bloodline dynasty today. … Hitler, Himmler, theJesuit-trained Goebbels, and most of the major Nazis were Catholics and …
www.conspiracycafe.net/…/index.php?/topic/1635-high-hitle
Adolf (Rothschild) Hitler (1889-1945).Dictator of Germany from 1933 to … Mein Kampf was ghost-written by a Jesuit priest named Father Staempfle.1 Hitler the dunce was the
Sir Evelyn De Rothschild, The Richest Man In The World … Rockefellers Furnsihed Hitlerwith His Gas and Oil … and Hand with the google Black Pope head of Jesuits

wn.com/Sir_Evelyn_De_Rothschild,_the_richest_man_in_th

Hitler Used Rothschild Banker’s Typewriter … Masons, Bilderbergs, Jesuits and Zionists are all … MyWeb Del.icio.us Digg Reddi


Blogger’s Note:

To many Ashkenazi Jews, the Holocaust was the darkest event in their history. The ordinary Jews lost family members, friends love ones but for the Jewish elite and the practitioners of Kabbalah, the Holocaust (applying the Machiavellian principle the end justify the means ) was a means to an end.

The elite can say that the sacrifice of millions of Jews during the Holocaust was the means for the creation of a Zionist state. If there was no Holocaust, there would be no Israel. The Holocaust was a necessary event for the dreams and agenda of the Zionists to be fully realize.

If I was Jewish and lost love one during the holocaust, and the holocaust turn out to be by design by the elite Jewish Zionist, I would using all of my resources and doing everything in my power to make the elite paid for their betrayal of their own people. Can one justify the sacrifice of millions of Jews for the pseudo land of Israel? Does the end justify the means?

The Real Truth about the Modern-day Jewish Heritage

What is their true Origin?

Are They of Abraham Seed?

Are They Semitic?

THE KHAZAR EMPIRE AND ITS HERITAGE





  

 

 

 

 

The Thirteenth Tribe” by Arthur Koestler.
The Thirteenth Tribe – The Real Jewish Heritage

THE KHAZAR EMPIRE AND ITS HERITAGE
Arthur Koestler

…but that does not alter the fact that the large majority of surviving Jews in the world is of Eastern European — and thus perhaps mainly of Khazar — origin. If so, this would mean that their ancestors came not from the Jordan but from the Volga, not from Canaan but from the Caucasus, once believed to be the cradle of the Aryan race; and that genetically they are more closely related to the Hun, Uigur “

This book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in the Dark Ages became converted to Judaism. Khazaria was finally wiped out by the forces of Genghis Khan, but evidence indicates that the Khazars themselves migrated to Poland and formed the cradle of Western Jewry…
The Khazars’ sway extended from the Black Sea to the Caspian, from the Caucasus to the Volga, and they were instrumental in stopping the Muslim onslaught against Byzantium, the eastern jaw of the gigantic pincer movement that in the West swept across northern Africa and into Spain.
In the second part of this book, “The Heritage,” Mr. Koestler speculates about the ultimate faith of the Khazars and their impact on the racial composition and social heritage of modern Jewry. He produces a large body of meticulously detailed research in support of a theory that sounds all the more convincing for the restraint with which it is advanced. Yet should this theory be confirmed, the term “anti-Semitism” would become void of meaning, since, as Mr. Koestler writes, it is based “on a misapprehension shared by both the killers and their victims. The story of the Khazar Empire, as it slowly emerges from the past, begins to look like the most cruel hoax which history has ever perpetrated.”

The ThirteenthTribe:

ArthurKoestler documents the Caucasian ancestry of Ashkenazim Jews.TheThirteenthTribe. The Khazar Empire and its Heritage. ArthurKoestler. Mr. Koestler speculates about the ultimate faith of the Khazars and their impact on the racial composition and social heritage of modern Jewry. He produces a large body of meticulously detailed research in support of a theory that sounds all the more convincing for the restraint with which it is advanced. Yet should this theory be confirmed, the term “anti-Semitism” would become void of meaning, since, as Mr. Koestler writes, it is based “on a misapprehension shared by both the killers and their victims. The story of the Khazar Empire, as it slowly emerges from the past, begins to look like the most cruel hoax which history has ever perpetrated.
The vast majority of Jews in the world is of Eastern European – and thus perhaps mainly of Khazar – origin. If so, this would mean that their ancestors came not from the Jordan but from the Volga, not from Canaan but from the Caucasus, once believed to be the cradle of the Aryan race; and that genetically they are more closely related to the Hun, Uigur and Magyar tribes than to the seed of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Should this turn out to be the case, then the term “anti-Semitism” would become void of meaning, based on a misapprehension shared by both the killers and their victims. Maybe the two world wars and the Holocaust were pretext for the New Khazaria or Israel hoax.The story of the Khazar Empire, as it slowly emerges from the past, begins to look like the most cruel hoax which history has ever perpetrated.(Arthur Koestler,The Thirteenth Tribe, p. 17).

Old Khazaria existed from about 500 A.D. to about 1000 A.D.
Old Khazaria adopted the religion of Talmudic Judaism about 740 A.D.
Khazaria was reborn on May 14, 1948.
The most cruel hoax which man has ever perpetrated.
New Khazaria.
As long as Apostate Israel (New Khazaria) exist…there will never be any peace in the Middle East. Modern-day Jewry is of Eastern European/Aryan descent and thus they are not Semitic. Let the truth be told everywhere. Why should American Soldiers die to protect a Hoax?

Is Modern-Day Israel in Bible Prophecy? Are Modern-day Jews of Abraham Seed?

Millions expect Israel to play a major role in God’s future plan for earth. Could they all be wrong? Is there a conspiracy to deceive God’s people? What is the Biblical evidence concerning modern day Israel?
Many people today consider the restoration of the Jewish nation in Palestine to be a direct and dramatic fulfillment of Bible prophecy.
Hal Lindsey’s The Late Great Planet Earth, a phenomenal best seller of the last few decades, and Jerry Jenkins and Tim Lahaye’s Lift Behind, along with Bishop T.D. Jakes declares that the end of the world will come within the lifetime of the generation that saw the founding of the Israeli state in 1948, hereby applying the words of Jesus: “This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.” (Matthew 24:34)
Coupled with this fascination with Israel is a novel teaching regarding the return of Jesus, called the “secret rapture.” These books and many other speaks for many today who expect God secretly to take the “church” to heaven prior to the rebuilding of the Jewish Temple on its old site where the sacred Muslim shrine, the Dome of the Rock, now stands. According to this position, after the “church” is “raptured” to heaven, there will be seven years of the worst period of famine, bloodshed, and pestilence ever experienced by man. During this great tribulation the focus will be on God’s dealings with the Jews, who are again given the responsibility for the evangelization of the world.
According to secret-rapture preachers, the battle of Armageddon will climax the end of the seven-year tribulation as the nations of the earth take sides over the future of Israel. When mankind teeters on the brink of incinerating the world, Jesus will return gloriously and save man from self-extinction. At that time Jesus will set up a literal one-thousand-year reign on earth with Jerusalem functioning as the spiritual capital of the world.
Most evangelical periodicals and pulpits teach this view today, and to those who do not know better, it might appear that this prophetic scenario, known as pretribulationism, has been the traditional teaching of the Christian church since New Testament days. Nothing is further from the truth. Be not deceived.. Did the architects of the creation of modern day Israel have any thing to do with the development of the rapture theory? Where did the Rapture theology originate? Is the crisis in the Middle East and the war in the Iraq have anything to do with the erroneous rapture theory?
Is there a master conspiracy at work
According to dispensationalists John Hagee, Jack van Impe, Ken Copeland, Kenneth Hagin, John Walvoord, Grant Jefferies, Tim Lahaye, Benny Hinn, Clarence Larkin, H. Caldwell, TD Jakes and others who teach and preach about the Rapture, Israel has two dispensations, or time periods, in which they functions as God’s special instrument of salvation. Between these two periods of time comes the dispensation of the “church”. The church received a heavenly reward at the time of the rapture, while Israel received an earthly reward at the end of the tribulation.
There is no support in the New Testament for such an erroneous view.
The chief reason why the modern state of Israel has no prophetic significance is that after the Jews as a body rejected Jesus as the Messiah, God gave to the Christian church the special privileges, responsibilities, and prerogatives once assigned to the ancient Jews. No longer were the Jews to be His special people with a prophetic destiny.
Rom.2:28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; vs.29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.
All the promises of a glorious kingdom on earth once given through the Jewish prophets to the Jewish people became void because the Jewish people as a nation did not fulfill the conditions of these prophecies. Failing to receive the glory that could have been Israel’s is probably the saddest story in literature. Placed at the crossroads of the ancient world, God furnished them with every facility for becoming the greatest nation on the earth. God wanted to reward Israel with every physical and spiritual blessing as they put into practice the clear-cut principles that He had graciously taught them through His prophets (Deuteronomy 7, 8, 28).
The Old Testament records the sad story of how the vineyard of Israel produced, not the mature fruit of a Christ-like character, but “wild grapes,” a misinterpretation and perversion of what the God of Israel was really like. “What more was there to do for my vineyard, that I have not done in it? When I looked for it to yield grapes, why did it yield wild grapes?” (Isaiah 5:4 RSV).

Even when the Jewish nation was suffering the bitter consequences of disobedience during the Babylonian captivity, God mercifully promised that a restored Israel was possible and that there was yet time to recover its special role as His representative on earth – if it would honor His law and submit to His principles. Even then the Jews could have become, if faithful, the head and not the tail, in matters physical and spiritual; all nations would have looked upon Jerusalem as not only the center of wisdom but also the spiritual capital of the world (see Isaiah 45:14; 60:1 – 11).
When the Jews returned to Palestine after the Babylonian captivity, the promises given to Abraham and expanded through the writings of Moses and other prophets would have been fulfilled; the whole earth would have been alerted for the first advent of Christ, even as the way is being prepared for His second coming today.
Missed Their Last Opportunity.
These Old Testament prophecies that picture Israel dwelling in peace and prosperity, with all nations beating a path to her doors, could have been fulfilled 2000 years ago if they had indeed prepared the world for the first coming of Jesus (see Zechariah 8:14). But instead of fulfilling their greatest assignment they missed their last opportunity, and Jesus their Lord finally had to pronounce with irrevocable judgement: “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, killing the prophets and stoning those who are sent to you! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not Behold your house is forsaken and desolate” (Matthew 23:37, 38 RSV).
Those who regard the establishment of the modern state of Israel as a fulfillment of those Old Testament prophecies overlook the fact that these promises were made either prior to their release from Babylonian captivity or during the rebuilding days soon after their return. God would have fulfilled these promises if Israel had been faithful and obedient to the conditions on which the promises were made.
Although God promised a “second chance” to Israel after their failure leading up to the Babylonian captivity, He promised no “third chance” to them after their final rejection when their Lord Himself “came to his own home, and his own people received him not” (John 1:11 RSV)
But God did not give up, even though Israel as a nation had failed Him. Although corporate Israel no longer was to function as God’s special agent, the individual Jews who received and obeyed Jesus Christ would constitute the new organization through which He would now work.
Paul describes this remarkable transition in Romans 9 to 11, where he appeals to individual Jews (such as himself) to respond to God through Jesus, join those Gentiles who have found in Him the solution to their anxious, sinful condition, and together arouse the world to the simple fact that God wants to make an end to sin and its misery by setting up His eternal kingdom composed of those who have found in Jesus the promised Saviour.
Those who preach and teach this erroneous Rapture doctrine are purposely misleading multitudes. This doctrine was created by the Jesuits as an anti-reformation and anti-protestant tool to divert attention away from the Catholic and the Pope whom the reformers had identify as the anti-Christ in Revelation. Those who teach and preach the rapture theory are proxies and agents for the Kabbalists and those who want to establish a New World Order (NWO). The Rapture theory has more to do with politics than theology, more to do with mans involvement in world affairs than Gods involvement, more about Zionism than the people of Zion.

THE PROTOCOLS
OF THE LEARNED ELDERS
OF ZION
Visiting “The Protocols”

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
Introduction
Who are the Elders?
Protocol I The Basic Doctrine
Protocol II Economic Wars
Protocol III Methods of Conquest
Protocol IV Materialism Replaces Religion
Protocol V Despotism and Modern Progress
Protocol VI Take-Over Technique
Protocol VII World-Wide Wars
Protocol VIII Provisional Government
Protocol IX Re-education
Protocol X Preparing for Power
Protocol XI The Totalitarian State
Protocol XII Control of the Press
Protocol XIII Distractions
Protocol XIV Assault on Religion
Protocol XV Ruthless Suppression
Protocol XVI Brainwashing
Protocol XVII Abuse of Authority
Protocol XVIII Arrest of Opponents
Protocol XIX Rulers and People
Protocol XX Financial Programme
Protocol XXI Loans and Credit
Protocol XXII Power of Gold
Protocol XXIII Instilling Obedience
Protocol XXIV Qualities of the Ruler

The Blessed Hope vs. Rapture Hoax

Many books have been written concerning the rapture and it is a billion dollar business. Is the rapture theory Biblical? or is it a mystical Harry Potter like fairy tale? What is Armageddon? Most of the books have little to do with the Second Coming or the truth relating to the events surrounding the second coming.

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Books by Tim Lahaye, John Hagee, Pat Robinson, Jack van Impe, Benny Hinn, Jerry Jenkins,Thomas Ice, Hinson, Hal Lindsey, Kenneth Copeland, Kenneth Hagin, R. Humbard, Grant Jefferies and most of the Armageddon and Last days events books are used to promote an anti-reformation, anti-protestant and Anti-Christ doctrine. The rapture is a Jesuits Luciferian theology used by agents of the Rothschild /Illuminati cabal.



What is the difference between the Rapture and the Second coming?

The Second Coming of Christ is often confused with the Rapture… The word rapture does not appear in the Bible but some people have often used the Greek word harpazo – caught up for the rapture.

Rapture comes from the Latin word RAPIO define as – seize by force, pillage, ravage and rape. When Jesus comes for His people he will not rape them, nor pillage or seize by force.


Jerome mistranslated the GK. word harpazo for rapio when he who was commissioned by Pope Damasus I in 382 to make a revision of the old Latin translation the Vulgate. It is unclear weather the mistranslation was a mistake or a deliberate attempt to deceive. Jesuit Priest Dr. Thomas Ice uses Jerome mistranslation to claim that the rapture is Biblical. ( RAPTURE MYTHS – by Thomas Ice – The Term “Rapture”

First of all, the word “rapture” is found in the Bible, if you have the Latin Vulgate produced by Jerome in the early 400s.)

Harpazo – caught up and second coming is the same event. Let me repeat…SAME EVENT…1Thess.4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first, 17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. (GK. Arpaghsomeqa, harpazO v_ 2Fut Pas Ind 1 Pl SHALL-BE-BEING-SNATCHED) The Bible is clear.. When Jesus returns… He will return the same way as He left. Act 1: 9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.

Vs.10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel:

Vs.11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

Jesus was taken or caught up in a cloud… The Greek word for caught up in Acts 1:11 is analambanO, – one being taken up.

When Jesus returns, He will come in a cloud – Rev.1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

Christ return will be not be secret, nor quiet, nor will only a select group see Him… The dead or those who fell asleep in Jesus will be resurrected,

And the righteous living will be caught up with the resurrected saints to meet the Lord in the air.

1 Cor.15: 51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

What happens to the wicked when Christ returns?

Rev.6:15 and the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;

16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: 2 Thess. 2:8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:

The Bible is clear… the wicked living will see Christ Second Coming, they will try to hide, and be destroy with the brightness of the Second Coming.

What happens to the wicked dead when Christ returns?

Jn.5:28Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.

There are two resurrections. One of life and the other is of damnation (death) The is a period of 1000 yrs that separate the first and second resurrection.

Rev.20:5-6 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.

6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years

How long will the righteous be in heaven and what will they be doing?

Rev. 21:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

What happens at the end of the Millennium?

Rev.21: 2 And I John saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Rev.20:7 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,

8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog, and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.

9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.

2 Peter 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

Rev.21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

Rev.16:15-17 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.

16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

Armageddon is the place where the Lord will destroy the wicked once and for all. The whole earth will be cleansed with fire, and than it will be made new again.

Rev.21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. 3And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

5 And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.

Jesus will bring the Temple or the Tabernacle with Him at the end of the 1000 years.

In summary, the events that will take place at the Second Coming of Christ are:

The Dead in Christ will be resurrected;

The Righteous Living will is caught up;

The wicked living will be destroy with the brightness of the Second Coming;

Satan will be bound on earth with no one to tempt for 1000 years; (bound by a chain of circumstance – out of business)

The Righteous will live and reign with Christ for a 1000 years in heaven;

At the end of the thousand years,

The wicked will be part of the second resurrection, Satan will convince them to take over the New Jerusalem which they will see as the city come down from heaven;

Fire will destroy Satan, the wicked, and sin. The effects of the fire will be everlasting. Sin and sinners will be forever eradicated from the earth.

The earth will be cleansed and made new;

The Tabernacle of God (Jesus is the Tabernacle) will live with man.

The Righteous will live on the earth with Christ forever.

The Second coming is not the secret rapture, no secret snatch, no second chance, no third earthly Jerusalem temple, no seven year tribulation, no anti-Christ making a new covenant with Israel, no two plans for salvation (one for Jews and the other for non Jews), no eternal torment (the effects of the fire is eternal).

Yes beloved, in the beginning God took chaos and made cosmos… soon He will reverse His creation and take cosmos and make chaos, He will destroy this old sinful world with fire and than He will take chaos and make cosmos…

Rev. 21:4 and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away..vs.5 Behold I make all things new.

This is the New World Order… not as the man envision it but as God see it.

Study to show thyself approve… Ye shall know the truth and the truth will make you free.

Luciferian Rapture Doctrine Books and Conferences –
Beware of False Preachers, Teachers and Bible Schools that promote an Anti-Christ, Anti-protestant and Luciferian Rapture Doctrine – Beware my Friend Beware – They are not of God, but wolves in Sheep Clothing.



Jesuit Priest Thomas is the Head of the False Prophet Society and is the leading authority of the anti-christ, anti-protestant and Luciferian Rapture Doctrine. Ice is leading millions of Christians down the road of perdition.
Study to show thyself
approve.

Below is a partial list of Promoters of the Anti-Christ, Anti-Protestant, Anti-Reformation Doctrine as well as Agents and proxies of the Illuminati and NEW World Order

Ignatius Loyola Founder of the Illuminati

Ignatius job was to defeat protestantism as all cost and destroy the Reformation

Furturism:
Francisco Ribera was a deciple of Ignatius originator of the Furturist Doctrine (1537-1591) was a Jesuit doctor of theology, born in Spain, who began writing a lengthy (500 page) commentary in 1585 on the book of Revelation (Apocalypse) titled In Sacrum Beati Ioannis Apostoli, & Evangelistiae Apocalypsin Commentarij, and published it about the year 1590. He died in 1591 at the age of fifty-four, so he was not able to expand on his work or write any other commentaries. In order to remove the Catholic Church from consideration as the antichrist power, Ribera proposed that the first few chapters of the Apocalypse applied to ancient pagan Rome, and the rest he limited to a yet future period of 3 1/2 literal years, immediately prior to the second coming. During that time, the Roman Catholic Church would have fallen away from the pope into apostasy. Then, he proposed, the antichrist, a single individual, would:

ANTI-CHRIST AND ANTI-PROTESTANT THEOLOGY AS DEVELOPED BY RIBERA AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

    • Persecute and blaspheme the saints of God.
    • Rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
    • Abolish the Christian religion.
    • Deny Jesus Christ.
    • Be received by the Jews.
    • Pretend to be God.
    • Kill the two witnesses of God.
    • Conquer the world.

So, according to Ribera, the 1260 days and 42 months and 3 1/2 times of prophecy were not 1260 years, but a literal 3 1/2 years, and therefore none of the book of Revelation had any application to the middle ages or the papacy, but to the future, to a period immediately prior to the second coming, hence the name Futurism.

Deciples of Ribera and agents of Illuminati

Manuel De Lacunza (1731–1801), a Jesuit from Chile, wrote a manuscript in Spanish titled La Venida del Mesías en Gloria y Magestad (“The Coming of the Messiah in Glory and Majesty”), under the pen name of Juan Josafa [Rabbi] Ben-Ezra about 1791. Lacunza wrote under an assumed name to obscure the fact that he was a Catholic, in order to give his book better acceptance in Protestantism. Also an advocate of Futurism, Lacunza’s manuscript was published in London, Spain, Mexico and Paris between 1811 and 1826.

Edward Irving(1792-1834), a Scottish Presbyterian and forerunner of the Pentecostal and Charismatic movements, translated Lacunza’s work from Spanish into English in a book titled Preliminary Discourse to the Work of Ben Ezra – Coming of Messiah in Glory and Majesty, published in London in 1827 by L.B. Seeley & Sons, which included Irving’s own 200+ page preface.

Margaret McDonald, a 15 year old Scottish girl, and member of Edward Irving’s congregation, had visions in early 1830 that included a Secret Rapture of believers before the appearance of the Antichrist. She informed Irving of her visions by letter. Irving then attended the prophecy conferences that began in Dublin Ireland in 1830 at Powerscourt Castle, where he promoted both Futurism and a Secret Rapture.

Samuel Roffey Maitland(1792-1866), scholar and librarian to the Archbishop of Canterbury, further promoted and established Futurism in England after 1826, as a result of reading the work of Manuel De Lacunza.

John Nelson Darby (1800–1882), a Church of Ireland clergyman, later with the Plymouth Brethren, also promoted Futurism and a secret rapture. Darby attended the series of meetings on Bible Prophecy that began in 1830 at Powerscourt, Ireland, and at these conferences Darby apparently learned about the secret rapture as revealed by vision to Margaret McDonald, and promoted by Edward Irving, and he soon visited Margaret MacDonald at her home in Port Glasgow, Scotland. Darby later visited America several times between 1859 and 1874, where his Futurist theology was readily accepted.

Cyrus Ingerson Scofield (1843-1921), greatly influenced by the writings of J. N. Darby, incorporated Futurism in the notes of his Scofield Reference Bible. First published by Oxford University Press in 1909, one million copies were printed by 1930. The Scofield Bible was instrumental in firmly establishing the Futurist interpretation in the Protestant Bible schools of the United States in the 20th century.

Dallas Theological Seminary (a nondenominational Protestant school): Lewis Sperry Chafer (1871-1952), a student of Cyrus Scofield, founded Evangelical Theological College (now DTS) in 1924, which is likely the most influential seminary in the United States today. Futurism, and the secret rapture (which they call the blessed hope), are covered in articles 18-20 of the DTS Full Doctrinal Statement.

Some of the more well known alumni and faculty of DTS:

John Walvoord (Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology, President of Dallas Theological Seminary from 1952 to 1986, Chancellor of DTS since 1986), author of The Rapture Question (1957), and member of the revision committee for The New Scofield Reference Bible.

Chuck Swindoll (Insight for Living), President of Dallas Theological Seminary since July of 1994.

Charles C. Ryrie (Professor Emeritus Dallas Theological Seminary), author of The Ryrie Study Bible, which has been characterized as the updated Scofield Reference Bible for the end of the twentieth century.

Hal Lindsey, (hallindsey.com – hallindseyoracle.com) author of The Rapture: Truth or Consequences (1983), perhaps the best known prophecy author of the last 30 years. Sole credited Bible authority for Trinity Broadcasting’s recent Futurist antichrist movie Omega Code. A sequel, tentatively titled Meggido (Omega Code II) is now in production by TBN and is due for release in the fall of 2001.

J. Vernon McGee (1904-1988), Through the Bible Radio series.

Kenneth N. Taylor (former director of Moody Press, founder of Tyndale House Publishing), author of The Living Bible. Tyndale House publishes the hugely popular Left Behind Futurist series by Tim LaHaye and Jerry Jenkins.

Thomas Ice(Executive Director of the Pre-trib Research Center), Th.M. from DTS, co-founder of Pre-trib Research Center with Tim LaHaye. The Thomas Ice collection.

Renald Showers, Most High God: A Commentary on the Book of Daniel.
Moody Bible Institute of Chicago: In 1890, C. I. Scofield began a Comprehensive Bible Correspondence Course, later taken over about 1914 by the Moody Bible Institute (Dwight. L. Moody, founder of the Moody Church, had converted Scofield, and Scofield preached and presided at Moody’s funeral in 1899).

Moody Press supplied Sunday School lessons to the Assembly of God churches about 1914, introducing Pentecostals to Futurism and the secret rapture theory.

The Ryrie Study Bible, by Charles C. Ryrie, a graduate Dallas Theological Seminary, boasts 10,000+ study notes and is listed among the best selling books published by Moody Press.

Jerry B. Jenkins, co-author of the Left Behind series, is the former vice president for publishing of Moody Bible Institute, and former editor of Moody Magazine. Currently he is Moody Bible Institute’s writer-at-large.

Western Theological Seminary (Reformed Ch